Bottlenose Dolphin

Mary-Kate Farmer Period 2 May 16,2016

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Habitat

Bottlenose Dolphins are found in Tropical waters (Bottlenose Dolphin, Wells). They are mainly found in shallow waters. They are seen by harbors, bays, lagoons, and on river mouths. (Bottlenose Dolphins, Wells). Bottlenose Dolphins live in 50-90 degrease waters.(Bottlenose Dolphins).
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Movement

Bottlenose Dolphins swim, jump, and dive through the water! A dolphin uses its Dorsal fin, a Dorsal Fin maintains the movement of a dolphin so they can balance when swimming (Bottlenose Dolphin). Instead of legs Bottlenose dolphins have Flippers to move around in the water. Dolphins swim 3-7 miles. At the fastest a Bottlenose dolphin can swim 18-22 miles per hour (Bottlenose Dolphin).
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Body Covering

Bottlenose dolphins have dark gray skin, on the stomach they have a light gray skin (Wells). Their body is rubbery and smooth. Bottlenose Dolphins are Vertebrae's they have a backbone. "Dolphins forelimbs are pectoral flippers." Dolphins use pectoral flippers to steer in the water. (Bottlenose Dolphins)

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Diet

Bottlenose Dolphins eat fish, shrimp, and crustaceans. "Adult bottlenose dolphins eat approximately 4% to 6% of their body weight in food per day." (Bottlenose Dolphins) A Bottlenose Dolphins diet does not change as they grow up (Bottlenose Dolphins). A bottlenose Dolphin is an carnivore because it eats meat .
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Reproduction

Bottlenose Dolphins reproduce sexually. Their babies are developed inside the female. Male Dolphins mate at the age 10-12, Females mate at the age 5-12. (Bottlenose Dolphins, Wells) When Caves are born they stay with there mom 3-6 years. When they are with there mom they learn how to catch fish and how to survive on their own. Caves nurse 12-18 months (Bottlenose Dolphins, Wells). Dolphins gestation period is about 12 months. Breeding season is usually starts in fall and ends in spring. (Bottlenose Dolphins, Wells).

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Adaptations

Bottlenose dolphins have many adaptions in life. "A dolphin's characteristics fusiform shape is quite energy-efficient for swimming." Blubbers soothes the contour of a dolphin and contributes to it's smooth shape (Bottlenose Dolphin)." A bottlenose dolphin circulatory system warms and controls the body temperature. (Bottlenose Dolphin)
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Other Info

  • "Bottlenose Dolphins have no hair or sweat glands." (Bottlenose Dolphins)
  • "Bottlenose Dolphins generally do not need to dive very deep to catch food." (Bottlenose Dolphins)
  • A bottlenose dolphin flips fish out of the water with their tail, when hunting. (Bottlenose Dolphins)
  • Bottlenose Dolphins Don't swim/dive deeper than 150 feet (Scholastic, All about Dolphins).
  • Bottlenose Dolphins are Warm-blooded (Scholastic, All About Dolphins).
  • Bottlenose Dolphins don't chew there food they swallow it whole! (Scholastic, All About Dolphins)
  • Dolphins have a high pitched voice (Beer,72)
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Work Cited

Works Cited

"All About Dolphins." All about Dolphins. Schoolastic, n.d. Web. 13 May 2016. <http://teacher.scholastic.com/dolphin/about4.htm#q5>.

Beer, Amy Jane. "Bottlenose Dolphin." World of Amimals. Book 3 ed. Vol. 3. 72-74. Print.

"Bottlenose Dolphin." National Geographic Kids. National Geographic Kids, n.d. Web. 11 May 2016. <http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/animals/bottlenose-dolphin/#bottlenose-dolphin-jumping.jpg>.

"Bottlenose Dolphins." Seaworld Parks & Entertainment. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 May 2016. <https://seaworld.org/en/animal-info/animal-infobooks/bottlenose-dolphins/habitat-and-distribution>.

Wells, Randall Scott. "Bottlenose Dolphin." American Cetacean Society. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 May 2016. <http://acsonline.org/fact-sheets/bottlenose-dolphin/>.

- - -. "Bottlenose Dolphin." American Cetacean Society. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 May 2016. <http://acsonline.org/fact-sheets/bottlenose-dolphin/>.