Demeter

Agriculture God

Family

Demeter was the greatest Olympian goddess of agriculture, grain, and bread. She was also goddess of sacred law and the cycle of life and death. She was daughter of Cronus and Rhea. She was sister of Hestia, Hera, Aides, Poseidon, and Zeus. Her daughter, Persephone, was captured by Hades and brought to the underworld. For the six months that her daughter, she grieves her and the plants begin to wither. This myth is what the people used to explain the changing of the seasons, and a more commonly known myth involving her.

Information

Demeter is thought to be the founder of the Eleusinian Mysteries. Eleusinian Mysteries were initiations held every year for the cult of Demeter and Dionysus based at Eleusis in ancient Greece. She came to Eleusis during the reign of King Erechtheus. Metaneira comforted Demeter in Persephone’s absence. Demeter one time nursed one of Metaneira’s children. She doted on the child and anointed them with ambrosia on a daily basis. Demeter’s attachment to the child alarmed Metaneira, and the two ultimately went their separate ways. She had ambassador men she named Triptolmus, and she taught them and Celeus her sacred rites.

Myths

A myth was told about her and her brothers and sisters being swallowed by their father, Cronus. Cronus was told one of his children would defeat him. He was tricked, and his son Zeus defeated him. Another myth is Demeter fell in love with a mortal named Iasion, but Zeus found out about the affair and struck him with a lightening bolt. Shrines or similar worship places are very important to the gods and goddesses. In one myth, Thessalian Erysikhthon cut down Demeter's sacred grove to build himself a feasting hall. Demeter punished him with an unquenchable hunger.
God of the Greek Myths - Demeter
Demeter, The Goddess of Harvest and Persephone Greek Myth

Works Cited


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Shmoop Editorial Team. "Persephone (Proserpine) Photo: A Lovely Sculpture." Shmoop.com. Shmoop University, Inc., 11 Nov. 2008. Web. 30 Jan. 2016.


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