What Is Industrialization?


The process of developing machine production of goods, required such natural resources.

  • Water power and coal to fuel the new machines.
  • Iron is one to construct machines, tools, and buildings.
  • Rivers for inland transportation.
  • Harbors from which merchant ships set sail.
The Industrial Revolution was a period from the 18th to the 19th century where major changes in agriculture, manufacturing, mining, and transport had a great effect on the economic and cultural conditions in the United Kingdom, and then spreading throughout Europe, North America, and eventually the world. The start of the Industrial Revolution marked a major turning point in human history; almost every aspect of daily life was eventually influenced in some way. In the later part of the 18th century, there began a change in parts of Great Britain's previously manual labor, towards machine-based manufacturing. It started with the mechanization of the textile industries, the development of iron-making techniques and the increased use of refined coal. As a result from this, trade expanded with the introduction of canals, improved roads and railways.

Three industrial developments led the way to industrialization in America:

  1. Transportation was expanded.
  2. Electricity was effectively harnessed.
  3. Improvements were made to industrial processes.
James Watt created the first reliable steam engine. Eli Whitney created the cotton gin. Samuel F. B. Morse invented the telegraph.


Job Opportunities, transport raw materials, urbanization, steam engine, the railroad system, road transportation, raised the standard of living.


Over crowding in cities, health problems, factories dirty and dangerous, child labor, lack of sanitation, fatigue and illnesses.

Industrialization Song - US History