Mesopotamia

Web Quest (By: Rachel Watson)

Geographer

1. Mesopotamia is located in between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers and also in the Fertile Crescent. In Greek, Mesopotamia means "land between two rivers."

2. To the left.

3. Mesopotamia had many different climates. In the desert area they had a very hot and dry climate and in the mountain area it was very wet and cold.

4. The city of Baghdad is in the location of Ancient Mesopotamia. The city of Baghdad is located in Afghanistan.

5. Mesopotamia is approximately 7,113 miles (11,447 kilometers) away from Elm City Middle School located in North Carolina.

Historian

1. Sumer, Akkadian, Babylonian, Assyrien, Neo-Assyrien, Neo-Babylonian, and Parthians all made Mesopotamia their home.

2. These civilizations required seven things. They required urban revolution, new political and military structures, social structure based on economic power, the development of complex technology, development of writing, distinct religious structure, and last of all they required new forms of artistic and cultural activity.

3. Hammurabi Laws were important because they organized the most civilized empire at the time. He made copies of it and sent it to the most important cities to represent great progress to the human civilization.

4. 156. If a man betroth a girl to his son, but his son has not known her, and if then he defile her, he shall pay her half a gold mina, and compensate her for all that she brought out of her father's house. She may marry the man of her heart.

157. If any one be guilty of incest with his mother after his father, both shall be burned.

158. If any one be surprised after his father with his chief wife, who has borne children, he shall be driven out of his father's house.

159. If any one, who has brought chattels into his father-in-law's house, and has paid the purchase-money, looks for another wife, and says to his father-in-law: "I do not want your daughter," the girl's father may keep all that he had brought.

160. If a man bring chattels into the house of his father-in-law, and pay the "purchase price" (for his wife): if then the father of the girl say: "I will not give you my daughter," he shall give him back all that he brought with him.

5. Gilgamesh was supposedly half god half human and was on the Kings List so he may have existed yet he may not have. The Kings List was made by the Sumerians and that is why we don't know if he was real or not. This is the story of Gilgamesh: A long time ago King Gilgamesh sat in his garden thinking about things. He could pick up mountains, dive down to the deepest spot in the ocean and resurface in one breath, any time he fought a minter that lived in the forest near his kingdom he would win. He always won and he knew that. He was bored with nothing he could do. All that he could do was scare his subjects with his tantrums and tempers. Even the monsters that were in the forest started to hide when Gilgamesh went out to pick a good fight with one or more of them. He wished he could fly so that he could fly over the forest to try to find where the monsters hid but alas he couldn't. Not being able to fly made him question that he is a god or two-thirds of a god. He thought that special powers were no fun if he could use them for fun. Gilgamesh got on his feet and slowly walked to the ziggurat. As he climbed the stairs of the ziggurat his people looked at him nervously but he didn't notice their stares. Instead of praying for his people's safety and enough food for everyone he prayed for something else. He prayed for something fun to do. Then the gods looked down at Gilgamesh sighing at the foot of the ziggurat and knew his gloom for they knew what gloom felt like. They thought that his prayer was a fair on and decided to give him his wish answering it.quickly they created a man faster and stronger than this half god half human and named the crazy man Enkidu, and sent him down upon the Earth. He went roaring into the city of Uruk making the townspeople flee in terror of him. Gilgamesh perked up and their fight began. Neither one nor the other could beat the other and they wrestled, bit, roared, and scratched. Enkidu would grab Gilgamesh's throat but Gilgamesh could hold his breath for a long time. When Enkidu grew tired of trying to choke Gilgamesh he broke free and tried to grab Enkidu's neck. But no use Enkidu was much faster than Gilgamesh and he outsmarted him every time. They went all over the town nocking down houses and tipping over food carts. After they burst out in laughter becoming very good friends and left the town, arm in arm, searching for an adventure. As soon as the citizens Uruk and the monsters in the forests around them heard they were gone, they held a huge festival to thank the gloomy god, Marduk, for giving their king a friend. After that day they prayed every day to their powerful, gloomy god Marduk hoping their king would enjoy all of the adventure that took him and his friend all over the world for a very, very, very, very long time.

Agriculturalist

1. The wild life and vegetation that was there helped them keep fed while they started their new civilization. They grew weeds along the river banks to make sturdy baskets and pottery from the wet clay. It didn't rain much so they made an irrigation system and planted wheat, barley, dates, cucumbers, apples, onions and spices. They raised some sheep, cows, and pigs while hunting the game birds that flew over head.

2. Poisoned fields were when irrigation water was allowed to sit in the fields and evaporate. The water left behind mineral salts and if any attempts were made to drain the fields of the irrigation water and it floed off of the soil too quickly then erosion would become a problem. When mineral salts concentrate in the upper leeks of soil, it becomes poisonous for plants to grow.

3. They normally ate two meals a day. Most people (except for the rich) ate unleavened bread and drank a lot of beer up to a gallon a day. They also drank cows milk but turned sour quickly in the hit climate. Meat was expensive so most people ate vegetable stews. Fish was an important source of protien. Fruits that were eaten include apples, pears, grapes, figs, quinces, plums, apricots, mulberries, melons, and pomegranates. They also enjoyed pistachio nuts. Cakes for special occasions were also made with cheese, butter, flour, dates, and raisins. These are some of the foods they ate.

4. People need the water for drinking, cooking, cleaning, and transportation. It was very necessary for a city to be near a source of water back in ancient times.

5. First canals and irrigation ditches were built to redirect the flow of the water. Then regulators were used to lower the water levels in the canals and ditches so the water could be used by the farmers. Then during the growing season they would lift one of the regulators beside a farmers field. That irrigation ditch then would fill with water and the farmer could water his crops.

Archaeologist

1. Nebuchadnezzar the second is said to have built the garden for his homesick wife Amytis who longed for the plants of her homeland. The gardens were said to have been destroyed by several earthquakes after second century BC.


Archaeologist (Continued)

2. Cuneiform was important because they wouldn't be able to know what someone traded or sold on a certain day and we wouldn't be able to know a lot about Mesopotamia.

3. Cuneiform was the way people recorded things it was their written language. The Sumerians invented cuneiform to write stuff down.

4. Their were priests, the upper class, the lower class, and the slaves.

5. Ziggurats were temples used for religious ceremonies at the very top and offerings for the gods.