Life in the 18th Century

by Jeff Cutcher

Music of the 18th Century

Johann Sebastian Bach

Bach was born in Eisenach, Germany, on March 21, 1865. He wrote Choral and Organ compositions for the church that are still used today. He also wrote pieces for chamber orchestra and harpsichord. One of his most famous pieces is Toccata and Fugue in D Minor, a well known organ piece.

Toccata and Fugue in D Minor (Best Version Ever)
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George Frederick Handel

Handel was born in Halle, Germany, on Feb 23, 1865. He is famous for the Italian Opera Agrippina in 1709. He also wrote many English Ontarios, which are Orchestral Compositions.

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

One of the most famous composers of all time, Mozart was born in Salzburg, Austria, on January 27, 1756. He was a master of the keyboard and the violin at a young age and began composing music at age 5. He produced more than 600 pieces of music for a various range of applications, such as church music and orchestral scores, and his famous opera, The Magic Flute.

18th Century Art

Two of the main types of artwork from the 1700s are Baroque and Rococo. Baroque art came before Rococo art, in the late 1500s. The Baroque style is known for its complex and sometimes bizarre ornamentation. Some famous baroque works include Ecstasy of Saint Theresa and Artemisia Gentileschi.
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Rococo works of art are often small in scale, and have delicate color, playful subjects, lots of detail, and have a sense of depth. Below is a Rococo piece called, "The Swing".
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Peasant Life

The majority of people living in the 1700s were peasants. Peasants were poor farm workers, and lived in small rural villages. Most families lived together in tiny, one room houses. They ate plain foods, such as bread and cheese. The poor also ate pottage, which was stew made with a mixture a vegetables, grains, and meat. Peasants were also very unhygienic and bathed rarely, since running water was a luxury only the rich could afford. Peasant families often gave birth to over 7 children! The children started farm work at an early age. Pastimes included traditional games such as cards, board games, and sports like shuttlecock. Serfdom, where peasants are not free people and are bought and sold with the land, became less popular in the 18th century.

Works Cited

Bernini. Ecstasy of St. Theresa. N.d. The Seventeenth Century Lady. Web. 17 Feb.
2016. <http://www.andreazuvich.com/art/
the-difference-between-baroque-rococo-art/>.

Denner, Balthasar. George Frederick Handel. 1727. Wikipedia. Web. 17 Feb. 2016.

Ellis, Elisabeth Gaynor, Anthony Esler, and Burton F. Beers. World History:
Connections to Today. Texas ed. Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall, 2003.
Print.

Fragonard, Jean. The Swing. N.d. The Seventeenth Century Lady. Web. 17 Feb.
2016. <http://www.andreazuvich.com/art/
the-difference-between-baroque-rococo-art/>.

- - -. The Swing. N.d. The Seventeenth Century Lady. Web. 17 Feb. 2016.
<http://www.andreazuvich.com/art/
the-difference-between-baroque-rococo-art/>.

Haussman, Elias Gottlob. Johann Sebastian Bach. 1745. Wikipedia. Web. 17 Feb.
2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johann_Sebastian_Bach#/media/
File:Johann_Sebastian_Bach.jpg>.

"Social and Family Life in the Late 17th & Early 18th Centuries."
BritLitWiki. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Feb. 2016.
<https://britlitwiki.wikispaces.com/
Social+and+Family+Life+in+the+Late17th+%26+Early+18th+Centuries>.

Stock, Dora. Drawing of Mozart in Silverpoint. 1788. Wikipedia. Web. 17 Feb.
2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wolfgang_Amadeus_Mozart#/media/
File:Mozart_drawing_Doris_Stock_1789.jpg>.

"ToccataPfFirst_BIG.gif." Virtual Sheet Music.com. Virtual Sheet Music, n.d.
Web. 17 Feb. 2016. <http://www.virtualsheetmusic.com/images/first_pages/
BIG/Bach/ToccataPfFirst_BIG.gif>.

Zuvich, Andrea. "The Difference between Baroque & Rococo Art." The Seventeenth
Century Lady. N.p., 31 July 2013. Web. 17 Feb. 2016.
<http://www.andreazuvich.com/art/
the-difference-between-baroque-rococo-art/>.