VCR Presentation Lesson 5

Zach Whitacre

FILL IN THE BLANK WITH THE MOST APPROPRIATE WORD FROM LESSON 5

Athleticism seemingly ran in the family, as every child seemed to have a _________ to playing sports.










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THE WORD

proclivity (n)


a natural inclination or tendency

pl. Proclivities



Can also be used in the adjective form, proclivitous

ITS ROOTS

Clivus <L. "slope"

pro <L. "forth"


literally translated from its roots, proclivity would be a slope forth, or a slope towards. This parallels the actual definition in its literal sense of inclination.

SYNONYMS

inclination

tendency

leaning

disposition

proneness

penchant

ANTONYMS

disinclination

averseness

aversion

PROCLIVITY VS PROPENSITY

While proclivity and propensity are both similar words, each referring to an inclination there is a difference between the two making it important not to confuse them. Proclivity refers to an innate, inborn, or natural tendency whereas propensity usually describes a general habit or tendency. Additionally proclivity is more often used to describe negative inclinations. Propensity is used equally between negative and positive inclinations.

CHOOSE THE LETTER OF THE SENTENCE IN WHICH THE WORD IN BOLD-FACED TYPE IS USED INCORRECTLY

a) Observing the man's daily routine for weeks, the stalker was able to pick up on all of his proclivities.

b) When presented the option of coffee or tea, I have a proclivity towards coffee.

c) Smoking a cigarette after breakfast had become a proclivitous activity for Jan despite the known health risks.

d) Being born into a family of basketball players contributed to my proclivity as a mathlete.





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ANSWER

The correct answer is d. Since mathematics and basketball are unrelated there would not be any correlation, and therefore inclination, towards mathletes based on basketball.