U.S History Vocab

Daniel Jaimes

American Industrialization

Social and economic changes in the United States that began in the late 18th century involving wide spread adoption of industrial method of production.
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Laissez Faire

Government inability to control wages or prices.
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Trust

A group of corporations run by one board of directions.
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Robber Baron

A business man who uses ruthless business tactics.
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Vertical Integration

When a company owns all the different businesses on which it depends for its operation.
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Horizontal Integration

This is when a single company achieves control of an entire market. It becomes a monopoly.
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Political Machine

An informal political group designed to keep power. Provided essential services for immigrants.
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Ellis Island

Small island outside of New York Harbor. It was a processing building for incoming immigrants from Eastern and Southern Europe.
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Tenements

Home for majority of urban dwellers. Dark and crowded multi-family apartments.
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Ethnic Enclaves

Neighborhoods separated in ethnic groups.
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Nativism

People with a preference for native born people and desire to limit immigration.
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Guided Age

American industrialization named by Mark Twain as the Guided Age because it looked good on the outside but really bad on the inside.
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Social Darwinism

Many wealthy people like Rockefeller used this term to justify their wealthiness. Promotes that only the strongest survive.
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Americanization

Process in which immigrant school children were taught the English language as well as the culture. Purpose was to assimilate ethnic immigrant groups into the dominant culture.
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Populist Party

Movement by farmers to increase their political power.
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Gospel of Wealth

Wealthy Americans had the responsibility to donate money to further social progressions.
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Social Gospel Movement

Religious reforms strove to improve conditions of the cities according to the biblical ideas of charity.
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Progressivism

Asserts that advancement in science, technology, economic development, and social organization are vital to improve the humans.
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Muckraker

Muckraker was used to characterize reform minded journalists who wrote for popular magazines.
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John D Rockefeller

American business magnate and philanthropist. He was a co-founder of the Standard Oil Company, which dominated the oil industry and was the first great U.S. business trust.
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Andrew Carnegie

Andrew Carnegie was a Scottish American industrialist who led the enormous expansion of the American steel industry in the late 19th century.
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JP Morgan

John Pierpont Morgan was an American financier and banker who dominated corporate finance and industrial consolidation
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Cornelius Vanderbilt

American business magnate and philanthropist who built his wealth in railroads and shipping.
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Thomas Edison

Thomas Edison was an American inventor and businessman. He developed many devices that greatly influenced life around the world.
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Henry Ford

Henry Ford was an American industrialist, the founder of the Ford Motor Company
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Samuel Gompers

Samuel Gompers was an English-born American cigar maker who became a Georgist labor union leader
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William "Boss" Tweed

American politician most notable for being the "boss" of Tammany Hall
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Upton Sinclair

American author who wrote nearly 100 books and other works across a number of genres.
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Jacob Riis

Danish American social reformer, "muckraking" journalist and social documentary photographer.
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Theodore Roosevelt

American statesman, author, explorer, soldier, naturalist, and reformer who served as the 26th President of the United States
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William Taft

American jurist and statesman who served as both the 27th President of the United States and later the 10th Chief Justice of the United States.
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Meat Inspection Act

Ensures that meat and meat products are slaughtered and processed under sanitary conditions.
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Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC)

United States federal law that was designed to regulate the railroad industry
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Children's Bureau 1912

Federal agency organized under the United States Department of Health and Human Services
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Sherman Anti-Trust Act

Landmark federal statute in the history of United States antitrust law.
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16th Amendent

Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes.
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17th Amendment

Senators are elected by state legislatures.
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18th Amendment

Banned the sale and drinking of alcohol in the United States.
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19th Amendment

Guarantees all American women the right to vote.
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