Battle of Somme


In 1915 allies were planning large scale offensives threw out Europe. In 1915 allied command planned to attack the north side of pairs known as Verdun. For months French troops have been taking serious losses from German machine gunners and infantry. So in order to relieve the French, allied troops had to knock the Germans out of the city so French solders could resupply and recover. Allied forces were commanded to join the British in the trenches before the first day.

Over the top

July 1st 1916 British forces were commanded to go over the top at Verdun by their superiors. At first when the soldiers were running 150 m into the Somme river, everything looked fine. Then they were met by rifle fire, artillery shells and machine guns. The first day of the battle of Somme, British infantry suffered 60,000 casualties and the bloodiest battle yet. For the Canadians and other British infantry, they were given different orders; they were ordered to attack an area north of Verdun called Beaumont Hamel. When conducting a sweep through the area, British and Canadian infantries were cut down by machine gunfire and mortars. 324 Canadians were killed and 386 were wounded out of the 801. The first day took a toll on both aliies.
Big image

The Shelling

After the casualties on Somme river in Verdun, General Douglas Haig ordered the artillery battalion to fire 6000 shells on the area of Verdun in an attempt to clear the area of the Germans defenders and to cripple their forces so British and Canadian Infantries could begin an assault on the area without the risk of machine gun fire. While firing the shells on Verdun, the General realized there is a big problem. The German defenders that were in Somme, dug in many hideouts, passage ways, and tunnel to move equipment,men, and to protect themselves from the artillery barrage. Eventually general Douglas Haig called it off and thought of a new idea.
Big image

2nd offensive

After a couple days of failing to knock the German defenders out of Somme River and Verdun. Douglas Haig comes up with a knew idea, this time also involving artillery. Douglas Haig orders the Artillery battalion to fire on possession eat of the river were intelligence reported that Germans are moving in supplies to assault the British lines on the front. After firing thousands of shells on the east side of Verdun German infantry and reinforcements in the city were crippled by the artillery. Which allowed general to plan another assault

Bayonet charge

In July 10, 1916 British and Canadian Infantries were given the command to go over the top by the commanding General Douglas Haig, as a part of a plan to move British and Canadian troops farther into the Somme River than they ever were. As soon as their commander told them "fix bayonets" 40,000 British soldiers ran over the Trenches and towards the river. Two hours after operation British troops were able to move two miles into north Verdun after being cut down by rifle fire and snipers. In all, 800 men are lost.


Because of the struggles to gain land and the amount of casualties lost, this battle paved the way for a new technology. Tanks became a well known cover for many troops going over the top of their tranches. General Douglas Haig decided to implement this strategy to help take the Somme river. He decide that the tanks would go first and the men would go behind it. On November 12 1916 British infantry were ordered to push to the river and not suffer as many casualties like July 1st. 1 Hour in to operation British commander realize they have a big problem, the muddy and sloppy conditions of the Somme river it has prevented the tanks from moving any further so British Infantry were forced to abandon their armor protection and move on. Eventually the Germans spotted them and forced them to retreat.
Big image

Final resolution

On November 18 1916 General Douglas Haig makes his final decision by calling off the battle. Because of the many causalities suffered despite implanting many different strategies like pre bombing and shelling, and tanks. General Douglas realizes the only way is for french troops to win the battle in Verdun so they can regroup.

Beaumont Hamel

On October 1916 one month before General Douglas Haig called off the battle of Somme. Canadian and British infantries (mostly Canadian) were ready to plan their second offensive into Beaumont hamel, this time with the power of armor. On October 3 Canadian and British troops began the attack. Ten hours after intense fighting the Canadians along with the British successfully capture Beaumont hamel. Know that the British and Canadians relived the french. The French were able to take the city of Verdun along with a couple other British and Canadian soldiers. Once they regrouped together the planned a large scale offensive to take the Somme river this time under the command of a different general. By the time they reach the Somme the Germans retreated after the allies defeated them in verdun.