Comparison of World Religions

Linus Haak

Islam

  • Started with Muhammad
  • Started by fights and a so called jihad
  • Monotheistic with Allah as god
  • Five Pillars of Islam: faith, prayer, almsgiving, fasting, pilgrimage to Mecca
  • Mecca and Medina
  • Started 622 AD so it's almost 1400 years old
  • The parable of those who take protectors other than Allah is that of the spider, who builds (to itself) a house; but truly the flimsiest of houses is the spider's house;- if they but knew. ” [29:41] ; This parable means the confidence in Allah by his followers. You have to be strong in your religion and not believe in other gods.


  • 1.2 billion, mostly in the Middle East and North Africa
  • The Muslim beliefs were spread by two countries, the Maureen Empire and the Ottoman Empire
  • Their holy book is the not translatable Qur'an
  • Holy people were of course Muhammad, and in the past all the sultans of the Ottoman Empire were the unofficial leaders of the Islam
  • Today the five pillars organize the Islam and the imams and the ulamas who are scholars but not real leaders

Hinduism

  • Teachings of Aryans (ancient Indian people)
  • It can be lived agnostic, monotheistic or polytheistic (no god, one god of the following, more then one of the following gods: main gods Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva
  • Soul continually reborn, achieve happiness & enlightenment after freeing from earthly desires, lifetime of worship + knowledge + virtuous acts
  • It started in India
  • Started ca. 4000 years ago
  • The human body is the temple of God.
  • 820 million mostly in India
  • Hinduism was spread by talking and writings
  • No book just sacred texts
  • Gurus, holy men, Brahmin priests
  • The Hindus have a code of behavior which is called someone's dharma
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Confucianism

  • Started with Confucius
  • Confucius wanted people to live fair and they could create a perfect society
  • No real religion so they don't have a by everyone excepted god, even if Confucius is seen as a god by some people
  • Strong relationship in families, respect for elders, education: kindness, righteousness, sobriety, wisdom, trustworthiness
  • No real place where it began and spread, but Confucius worked at the court of the Chinese emperor
  • 551 BC so it's nearly 1450 years old
  • By three methods we may learn wisdom: First, by reflection, which is noblest; Second, by imitation, which is easiest; and third by experience, which is the bitterest.
    (Read more at http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/quotes/c/confucius131984.html#4CpszWIvHYF0ZIGO.99)
  • 6.3 million people mostly in China
  • Confucius spread his beliefs by his own
  • Confucianism has five books about good behavior
  • The only holy person was Confucius who is seen as god by many people
  • Confucianism is organized by well educated pastors and priests