Jackie Robinson

By: Sammy Gross and Matt Johnson

Biography

Jackie Robinson was born on January 31, 1919 in Cairo, Georgia and died on October 24, 1972 in Stamford, Connecticut. He was the first African-American player ever into the MLB in 1947. He won the rookie of the year award in 1947. Not many people know this probably but in college at UCLA he was an all-American in track, football and baseball. After college in 1944 he joined the U.S. army and had to go to Hawaii.

During his tenure in the U.S. army as a lieutenant he was court-martialed after refusing to go to the back of a segregated bus and was ultimately acquitted. Before offering Jackie Robinson his contract that integrated baseball, Branch Rickey personally tested Robinson’s reactions to racial slurs and insults that he anticipated. He signed with the Brooklyn Dodgers. His older brother, Matthew, won a silver medal in the 200-meter dash at the 1936 Olympics.

He came to second to Jesse Owens. He was raised in poverty by his single mother. He attended John Muir High School and Pasadena Junior college, where he was an excellent athlete. He was voted region’s Most Valuable Player in baseball in 1938. In, 1955 he won the World Series with the Dodgers. He retired from baseball in 1957 with a career batting average of .311. After his discharge from the Army in 1944, Robinson began to play baseball professionally.

At the time, the sport was segregated, and African-Americans and whites played in separate leagues. Robinson began playing in the Negro Leagues, but he was soon chosen by Branch Rickey, president of the Brooklyn Dodgers, to help integrate major league baseball. He joined the all-white Montreal Royals, a farm team for the Brooklyn Dodgers, in 1946. Then he later moved to Florida to being spring training with the Royals, and played his first game in Ebbets Field for the Brooklyn Dodgers on April 15, 1947-becoming the first African-American ever to compete in the major leagues.


Eleven Facts

Facts-

-Born January 31, 1919

-Born in Cairo, Georgia

-Died on October 24, 1972

-Died in Stamford, Connecticut

-First African American MLB player in 1947

-He played 4 sports; Baseball, Football, Track, and Basketball

-His brother Matthew won a silver medal behind Jessie Owens in track

-Before playing in proffesional baseball he played on the Honululu Bears football team

-After retiring from baseball he helped establish the African American owned and controlled Freedom Bank

-He had a quote which was," Theres not an American in this country free untill everyone is free
- He moved to Honululu, Hawaii where he played on the semi proffesional football team