Battle of Gettysburg

July 1-3, 1863

March to Gettysburg

Robert E. Lee began to march his armies after his victory at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville. On June 3rd, 1863, Lee's army left their camps near Fredericksburg, VA and began marching North, using the mountains to cover their movement.

"Gettysburg Campaign." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 26 Feb. 2015. <>.

Lee's Plan

General Robert E. Lee marched into Pennsylvania, he knew that the southern government had drafted a letter offering peace to President Lincoln. This letter was to be delivered to Lincoln after the Union army was destroyed somewhere in Pennsylvania. Lee knew that if he could destroy the Union army, Lincoln would agree to peace and it would mean the Confederates had achieved their goal of winning independence and the war.

Unions Advantage

When General Lee marched into Pennsylvania, he missed one key element of his army, the cavalry. The unions had a better advantage because they did have a cavalry.

The Union cavalry, however, was very aware of where Lee and his army was. In fact, it would be the Union cavalry that would set up a smart defensive position near the small Pennsylvania town of Gettysburg, and begin the battle of Gettysburg.

Battle begins

Unions win

It was in northern territory, so the Northern troops had the morale boost. Its a lot easier to take a man's life when he is on your land then when you are on his (Although its hard in either case). They also took up defensive positions atop hills in the area, and forced the southern troops to attack up steep slopes, forcing them to run uphill directly into enemy fire. The battle could have gone either way, but "Picket's Charge," a southern attack at the flank of the Northern defensive line failed, and the south was forced to retreat. From there, the Southern army was depleted, and the Union army was able to go onto the offensive after two years of playing defense.