Pearl Harbor

By Carmen Smith

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Pearl Harbor 5 Facts

  1. Hawaii and Japan were 4,000 miles apart.
  2. Twenty-three sets of brothers died aboard USS Arizona.
  3. A total of 2,335 U.S. servicemen were killed and 1,143 were wounded.
  4. When the Arizona exploded, approximately 1,100 U.S. servicemen died on board.
  5. The United States declared war on Japan on December 8, 1941, the day following the attack.
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Pear Harbor

Pear Harbor on Honolulu, Hawaii was attacked on December 7th 1941, American soil, Or as then President Franklin D. Roosevelt called it, "A date that will live in infamy." Hundreds of red painted suns filled the sky with horror as Japan launched their surprise attack. The attack on Pearl Harbor happened a little before 8:00 a.m. on a Sunday morning, while most soldiers were eating breakfast at the time of the attack. The attack on Pearl Harbor lasted only two hours but the effects were long lasting and devastating. Nearly 20 American Navel fleet ships were lost were badly injured, and more than 300 airplanes. The U.S Navy was successful in shooting down some their planes, with machine guns. Fortunately all of the Pacific fleet ships were not at Pearl Harbor on December 7th. The real tragedy is the 2,335 American soldiers, and civilians lost that day, and the 1,100 people that were wounded. December 8th 1941, the very next day the United States declares was on Japan, which will then directly involve the United States in World War II.
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Real World Heroes

Officer John Finn was lying in bed when Japanese fighter planes descended on his home, Pearl Harbor was about 15 miles from his house. After throwing on some clothes and driving to the base, he shot a machine gun for over two hours. John Finn kept up a near constant rate of fire against the fighter planes of the Japanese enemy. He may have destroyed at least one plane but he says, “I can’t honestly say I hit any,” he said in an history article done in 2001. “But I shot at every damn plane I could see.” Finn suffered more than 20 wounds from bullets and bullet fragments during the attack. One shot left him with a broken foot, his left arm had no strength. He received medical attention after the attack had ended, but later returned to duty that same day. He won the Medal of Honor the only one awarded for combat action during Pearl Harbor. He would go on to survive the attack, the war, and live to the age of 100.

Pearl Harbor Fellow Heroes

Kenneth Taylor and George Welch were Army Air Corps Pilots during Pearl Harbor, they were awakened around 8 a.m. on the morning of the attack by the sound of bombs and machine guns. A few minutes later they became the first American pilots to get airborne during the attack, after they took off in their P-40 fighter plane. They went on to fight a battle against hundreds of Japanese planes. By the time the attack ended Taylor and Welch had shot down at least six fighter planes and bombers. They were both awarded the Distinguished Service Cross, and Kenneth Taylor was given a Purple heart for a wound he received when his plane was hit by a gun.
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