VCR Lesson 3 Presentation

Maura Boerio

USE THE BEST WORD FROM LESSON 3 TO FILL IN THE BLANK:

Unlike the dictatorship of North Korea, the Venezuelan government is __________ and therefore led by the opinions of a few wealthy aristocrats.
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THE VOCAB WORD:

oligarchy (n.) *used above in adjective form- "oligarchic"


government by the few, especially a faction of persons or families


Example Sentence: "In The House of the Spirits Isabel Allende describes a Chilean oligarchy composed of wealthy landowners who refuse to extend land rights to the peasants who work their haciendas."

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Think of it this way...

Instead of having one king or president, oligarchic countries have multiple kings or presidents of similar status.

ITS ROOTS:

Greek term "oligos"

-means "few"


Greek root "arch"

-means "leader"


More specifically, Greek root "archy"

-means "a form of government"

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Many American citizens consider the economy of the United States to be an oligarchy.

-a handful of large, wealthy corporations possess the most economic control

SYNONYMS:

There are no direct synonyms for oligarchy.

However, words such as "authoritarianism" and "despotism" are synonymous to the absolute power held by the members of an oligarchy.

ANTONYMS:

-democracy

-dictatorship

-monarchy


These three forms of government all have one leader with an elevated status.

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This political cartoon illustrates the idea that many oligarchs achieve their status by means of great wealth. Sadly, they are notorious for abusing their subjects with this wealth.

PARTS OF SPEECH:

noun:

"oligarchy" standard form

"oligarch" a member of an oligarchy (used in sentence above)


adjective:

"oligarchic"

CHOOSE THE SENTENCE IN WHICH THE WORD IN BOLD-FACED TYPE IS USED INCORRECTLY:

A: Many oligarchs make decisions that take advantage of their subjects.

B: The single oligarch of Britain is seen to uphold the morals and values of the British people.

C: Oligarchies are a less prominent form of government in the world today.

D: The nation's oligarchic structure allowed power to be held in the hands of only a few.

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THE ANSWER:

B!

As an oligarchy consists of a few rulers, a country would have multiple oligarchs rather than just one.