Saudi Arabia

Country Basics

The flag of Saudi Arabia has a green field with large white Arabic writing above a white horizontal sword,the tip of the sword points to the hoist side of the flag. The Arabic writing is the Islamic statement of faith,"There is no God but Allah and Muhammad is his Prophet." Green is the traditional color of Islam. Saudi Arabia is a desert country encompassing most of the Arabian Peninsula, with Red Sea and Persian Gulf coastlines. Known as the birthplace of Islam, it’s home to the religion’s 2 most sacred mosques: Masjid al-Haram, in Mecca, destination of the annual Hajj pilgrimage, and Medina’s Masjid an-Nabawi, burial site of the prophet Muhammad. Riyadh, Saudi Arabia’s capital and main financial hub, is on a desert plateau in the country’s center. Business district landmarks include the 302m-high Kingdom Centre, with a sky bridge connecting 2 towers, and 267m-high Al Faisaliah Centre, with a glass-globe summit.
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Saudi Arabia occupies most of the Arabian Peninsula, with the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba to the west and the Persian Gulf to the east. Neighboring countries are Jordan, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, the Sultanate of Oman, Yemen, and Bahrain, connected to the Saudi mainland by a causeway.Saudi Arabia is located in Asia, Africa and Europe surround it.
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More Geogrophy

Saudi Arabia is, for the most part, an uninhabited desert land, which includes the Rub' Al Khali Desert, the larges mass of sand in the world, and the An-Nafud Desert - where sand dunes often exceed 100 ft. in height.Saudi Arabia is bounded by seven countries and three bodies of water. To the west, the Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea form a coastal border of almost 1,800 kilometres that extends to the southern part of Yemen and follows a mountain ridge for approximately 320 kilometres to the vicinity of Najran.Saudi Arabian people have adapted to their extremely hot environment by riding camels in the desert. Because the desert is so hot and sandy, people needed a way to cross the desert before they had cars. Camels can store up to 80 lbs. of fat in their humps, which they can break down into food and water when necessary. An Arabian Camel can travel up to 100 miles in the desert without water. Camels have protective facial adaptions such as their bushy eyebrows and two sets of eyelashes to protect their eyes from sand. I rode a camel when I toured part of the Rub' Al Khali. My camel was named Alaa, which translates into Handsome.


    Government: Unitary state, Islamic state, Monarchy, Absolute monarchy

    King: Salman of Saudi Arabia

    Prime Minister: Salman of Saudi Arabia

    The government of Saudi Arabia is led by the dictator and monarch, King Salman, who acceded to the throne on 23 January 2015. No political parties or national elections are permitted and according to the 2010 democracy index, the Saudi government was the seventh most authoritarian regime from among the 167 countries rated. Government is dominated by the royal family.The Basic Law specifies that the king must be chosen from among the sons of the first king, Abdul Aziz Al Saud, and their male descendants subject to the subsequent approval of religious leaders (the ulema). In 2007, an "Allegiance Council" was created, comprising King Abdulaziz's surviving sons plus a son of each his deceased sons, to determine which member of the royal family will be the heir apparent (the Crown Prince) after Prince Muhammad, who is the current Crown Prince, either dies or accedes to the throne.

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Human Rights (Not So Much)

The very strict regime ruling the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is consistently ranking among the "worst of the worst" in Freedom House's annual survey of political and civil rights.Torture and other ill-treatment of detainees is common, but that's just Torture there is also Corporal Punishment which results in lashes, the number of lashes is not clearly prescribed by law and is varied according to the discretion of judges, and ranges from dozens of lashes to several hundreds, usually applied over a period of weeks or months.At least five defendants were sentenced to flogging of 1,000 to 2,500 lashes. The worst punishment is Capital Punishment this results in public beheading or the amputation of limbs, firing squad, and more.


Currency: Saudi riyal

GDP per capita: 25,961.81 USD


Growth rate1.49%

Birth rate18.78 births/1,000 population

Death rate3.32 deaths/1,000 population

Gross domestic product: 748.4 billion USD

GDP growth rate: 4.0% annual change

Literacy rate, youth total in Saudi Arabia was 99.2

Saudi Arabia is the world's largest producer of desalinated water. A major source of water is the sea. This is done through desalination, a process that produces potable water from brackish seawater.


The cultural setting of Saudi Arabia is Arab and Islam, and society itself is in general deeply religious, conservative, traditional, and family oriented. Many attitudes and traditions are centuries-old, derived from Arab civilization. Some of the common food items in Saudi Arabian cuisine include wheat, rice, lamb, chicken, yogurt, potatoes and dates. The customs and traditions in Saudi Arabia are inspired by the Islamic and Arab culture, namely the culture of the Arabs in the Arab Peninsula. However, they differ from one province to another, especially the dialect, housing pattern, clothing, cuisines, dances, and folk songs.

The following includes the Day, Date, and Holiday

WednesdayJuly 13 Jul 13Eid Al Fitr Holiday

ThursdayJuly 14 Jul 14Eid Al Fitr Holiday

SundaySeptember 04 Sep 4Eid Al Adha Holiday

MondaySeptember 05 Sep 5Eid Al Adha Holiday

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Saudi Arabia has a desert climate characterized by extreme heat during the day, an abrupt drop in temperature at night, and very low annual rainfall.The average summer temperature is about 45° C, but readings of up to 54° C are not unusual.
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Historical Events

The Holy Sepulcher Church was built

1 Jan 330

This is when the Holy Sepulcher Church was built inside the walls of Jeruslam. This is the worship place for the Christians in Jerusalem. The holy site is supposely the place where Jesus was buried. This is very important to the Christians for they believe that he was a savior.

The Islamic Empire

1 Jan 1700

Less than 100 years after the birth of Islam the Empire started to spread throughout Spain and to parts of India and China. The politacal power had moved out of the Arabian Penninsula, trade flourished the area. People began moving into the empire.

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Compare and Contrast

The United States and Saudi Arabia have governments completely at odds with one another. While the United States is a democracy which contains a Bill of Rights, Saudi Arabia operates as a monarchy based solely on Islamic law the United States, the concept of family is extremely broad. Although family values may be steered by religious teachings, they are also steered by popular opinion and societal change. Family privacy is less prevalent in the United States. Generally, parents raise their children according to very conservative Islamic beliefs. Their children would be expected to be respectful and obedient at all times. Stricter child-rearing measures are commonly practiced.
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