Congenital Heart Defect

Quyen Nguyen

Congenital heart defect

  • Is an abnormality in your heart's structure that you're born with and is often considered a childhood condition.

  • It can involve the walls of the heart, the valves of the heart, and the arteries and veins near the heart.

  • Holes and leaky valves

Causes/ How does a child acquire it

  • Problems with genes or chromosomes in the child, such as Down syndrome.
  • Taking certain medications or alcohol or drug abuse during pregnancy.
  • A viral infection, such as rubella in the mother during the first trimester of pregnancy.


  • Get a rubella (German measles) vaccine- before conceive
  • Control chronic medical conditions - discuss the risks and benefits of drugs with doctor.
  • Avoid harmful substances - painting, drugs, herbs, and alcohol during pregnancy
  • Take a multivitamin with folic acid - reduce birth defects