Thurgood Marshall

supreme court justice

Before

  • Born in Baltimore, Maryland on July 2, 1908
  • Graduated from Lincoln University
  • Received law degree from Howard University in 1933
  • 1934-Thurgood start to work for NAACP

1940 Chambers v. Florida

January 4, 1940-February 12, 1940

four black men sentenced to death for the murder of a white man; found innocent. this was the first court case where the 14th amendment was put to use

Smith v. Allright 1944

Thurgood stood in front of the us supreme court and argued Texas' democratic primary system allowed whites to dominate the only one party south. This ruling overruled an old decision which set restrictions on voting by race. Marshall called this his most important case. This case increased voting by Blacks in the south.

1971 Marshall visited South Korea and Japan to investigate charges of racism in the armed forces

1950 Mclaurin v. Oklahoma Board of Higher Education.

Mclaurin was admitted to Oklahoma University but required to sit and eat separate from the other students based on his race. Mclaurin sued OKU and employed Thurgood and the NAACP to argue his case. The court ruled in favor of Mclaurin and ordered the school to stop this act immediately.

1954-55 Brown v. Board of Education

originally 5 separate cases Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Briggs v. Elliot, Davis v. Board of Education of Prince Edward County (VA.), Boiling v. Sharpe, and Gebhart v. Ethel

involving the issues of segregation in schools but, all had 1 common goal. Thurgood argued the case. After the plaintiffs claimed the district courts ruled for the school, they applied to supreme court. Stated the schools in fact were not equal. Later the courts ruled that separate but equal has no place in education.

Thurgood became a justice on the Supreme Court from August 30. 1965- 1991, appointed by Johnson