Auschwitz Research

by Jenna Werneth

Auschwitz I (Stammlager)

  • Located in Oświeciem, Poland
  • Established in May and June of 1940
  • Liberated on January 27, 1945 by the Red Army
  • Five gas chambers and crematoria open at one time
  • Had 28 two-story brick barracks by 1944
  • Prisoners were moved from camp to camp in cattle trucks
  • Their belongings were taken, they were given uniforms, and their heads were shaved
  • Nazi commanders included Rudolf Hoss, Arther Liebehenschel, and Richard Baer

Auschwitz II (Birkenau)

  • Located in Oswiecim, Poland
  • Established on October 8, 1941
  • Liberated on January 27, 1945 by the Soviet Army
  • 2.5 million estimated victims
  • Mainly for families and women
  • Prisoners died mainly of starvation and directly from the gas chambers
  • Basic facilities included the unloading ramp and warehouses for the victims' property