The New England Colonies

Connecticut

  • Founded in 1636 by Thomas Hooker
  • Founded for religious and economic freedom


Geography:

  • 698 square miles of Connecticut is covered by water.
  • 110 miles long and 70 miles wide
  • 4,845 square miles is covered by land.


Religion:

  • Connecticut didn't have a set religion
  • Most settlers practiced a form of Protestantism


Rhode Island

  • Founded by Roger Williams in 1636
  • Founded because the settlers wanted to have religious freedom


Geography:


  • Bordered by Massachusetts and the Atlantic ocean
  • Only covers 1,545 square miles, making it the smallest state
  • Only 37 miles wide and 48 miles long


Religion:


  • Most of the settlers were Catholic.



New Hampshire

  • Founded by John Mason in 1630
  • Founded for escape from religious and economic rules


Geography:


  • It is 190 miles long.
  • It is 70 miles wide.
  • Total area: 8,969 miles of land.



Religion:


  • Most of the colonists were Puritans.





Massachusetts

  • Founded in 1630 by John Winthrop
  • Founded for religious freedom for the Puritans


Geography:

  • Bordered by New Hampshire, Vermont, Connecticut, Rhode Island, the Atlantic Ocean, and New York.
  • Area: Its total are is 10,555 square miles. Water covers 2,717 sq. miles and land covers 7,838 miles.
  • The state is only about 500 feet above sea level.


Religion:

  • Most of the settlers in this colony were Puritans.