Types of Adaptations

By: Manasi

Anatomical Adaptions

Anatomical adaptions are adaptions that include a change in the organism's physical shape.

For example, meerkats adapted strong hind kegs so that they could stand on two feet to scout for danger, as well as burrow to escape from the sun and other predators.

Many organisms have also adapted stripes, to camouflage into the undergrowth of their habitat. One famous example of this technique is the tiger's striped pelt.

The walking stick is named after it's anatomical adaption to look like a small twig. With this adaption, the walking stick blends in with its surroundings, allowing it to escape the notice of predators.

Another brilliant adaption is webbed feet. This adaption is usually found in amphibians and birds that inhabit bodies of water. However, there are many other creatures like the crocodile and the beaver that posses this adaption.

Physiological Adaptions

Physiological adaptations are ones that change functions in your body to maintain homeostasis.

For example, sweating is a physiological adaptations because it is a response from your body to reduce your temperature. Many mammals sweat, including humans,

Another adaptation is the ability to create venom. Many snakes do this, as well as some insects, and arachnids.

Cacti have also adapted to hold water inside of them, which is physiological, Many plants that live in dry climates have this adaptation.

Cows have an adaptation that allows them to digest grass, which is rather difficult for most other animals. They have several stomachs to do this. Other animals like horses and goats have similar adaptations.

Behavioral Adaptions

Behavioral adaptations are adaptations that affect an organisms response to stimuli.

Bears and many other mammals hibernate in the winter to conserve energy when food is scarce. Badgers, dormice, hedgehogs, and toads are all animals that hibernate.

Wolves live in packs in order to bring down bigger prey and care for offspring. Lions and hyenas also have adapted this behavior.

Many birds migrate south in the winter in order to escape the cold, traveling closer to the equator. This is especially prevalent in birds that live in places with harsh winters.

Prairie dogs have their own complex language, that they use to communicate throughout their colonies. It's a learned behavior that all wild prairie dogs learn. Other animals like elephants, whales, and dolphins have similar behavior.