Academic Word

By Yosselin Puga

Allusion

An allusion is a reference to a mythological, literary,or historical person, place , or thing.

Example: the movie "Snow White" alludes to the biblical story of Adam and Eve. Snow White is an innocent girl who lives in the forest. The witch, who represents Satan, tricks her into eating the apple which refers to the forbidden fruit in Adam and Eve. Snow White eats the apple and as a punishment for doing so, she falls into a deep sleep.

Assonance

An assonance is the repetition of accented vowel sounds in a series or words.

Example: in the poem Bells by Edgar Allan Poe it has assonance in the second stanza. "Hear the wedding bells, Golden bells! What a world of happiness their harmony foretells. Through the balmy air of night, how they ring out their delight! From the molten-golden notes,and in tune. What a liquid ditty floats. To the turtle-dove that listens , while she gloats.

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Consonance

The repetition of a constant sound within a series of words to produce a harmonious effect.

Example:"Shelly sells seashells by the seashore."

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Details

Details are the facts revealed by the author or speaker that support the attitude or tone in a piece of poetry or prose.

Example: Here is a passage from chapter 2 of Facing the Hunchback of Notre Dame: "And we'll need you to dress fifteenth-century French. I have just the items,"said Augustus as he joined them, arranging his poplin suit just so. He rearranged his silverware to perfection, then picked uo the fork.

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Figures of Speech

Figures of speech are words or phrases that describe one thing in terms of something else. They always involve some sort of imaginative comparison between seemingly unlike things. Not meant to be taken literally, figurative language is used to produce images in a reader's mind and to express ideas in a fresh, vivid, and imaginative ways. The most common examples of figurative language or figures of speech, used in both prose or poetry, are simile, metaphor, and personification.

Flashback

A flashback is a scene that interrupts the action of a work to show a previous event.

Examples:1. In a story about a girl who is afraid of heights, there is a flashback to a time when she fell off of the top of a playground as a young child.

2. In a story about a man who acts strangely and rue, there is a flashback to a scene of war, in which this man was a soldier.

3. A story begins with a scene of a desolate, destroyed town, then flashes back to a time when the town was full of life and people.

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Hyperbole

A hyperbole is a deliberate, extravagant, and often outrageous, exaggeration.

Example:Love the Way You Lie by Eminem ft. Rihanna has a hyperbole in it:

"I can't tell you what it really is
I can only tell you what it feels like
And right now there's a steel knife in my windpipe
I can't breathe but I still fight while I can fight"
Or the song Stole My Heart by One Direction:

"Under the lights tonight
You turned around, and you stole my heart
With just one look, when I saw your face
I fell in love"