Sports Injuries

By Teja Seelam

Sports Injuries


  • Sports Injuries are injuries that occur when playing sports or exercising.

  • It is possible to injure any part of your body while participating in sports; however, the term sports injuries refers to injuries located in the musculoskeletal system.

Types of Sports Injuries

  • Ankle sprain

  • Swollen muscles

  • Hamstring pull

  • Shin splints

  • Knee injury - ACL tear and Patellofemoral syndrome

  • Epicondylitis - tennis elbow

  • Fractures

  • Dislocations
  • Achilles tendon injuries
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ACL (Anterior Cruciate Ligament) Tear

ACL is the overstretching or tearing of the anterior cruciate ligament in the knee. A lot of ACL injuries occur in the middle of the ligament or the ligament is pulled off the thigh bone.


Causes

  • Overextend the knee joint
  • Get hit hard on the side of the knee
  • Quickly stop moving and change direction while participating in activities such as running, jumping, or turning


Symptoms

  • A "popping" sound at the time of the injury
  • Knee swelling within 6 hours of the injury
  • Pain on the injured leg


First Aid

  • Raise leg above the heart level
  • Put ice on knee
  • Consume Pain relievers


Prevention

  • Use proper techniques when playing sports or exercising.

Ways to Avoid Sporting Injuries

  1. Warm up

    1. Includes: stretching, sport-specific movement activities, and jogging (cardiovascular exercise activity).

    2. Helps improve performance and increase blood flow to prevent sprains, strains, and tears.

  2. Improve Your Technique

    1. Proper technique will reduce the chance of an injury.

      1. By a professional coach or trainer

  3. Stay Strong

    1. Important to have strong core muscles (deep muscles of hip, pelvis, trunk, abdominal region, and lower back).

      1. Good exercise program of core activities for at least 15 mins for at least three times a week.

  4. Cool Down

    1. Take 15 mins to stretch and walk after heart rate and breathing have come to normal after a workout.

      1. Helps reduce lactic acid build up, which prevents stiffness and soreness.

  5. Listen to Your Body

    1. When exercising or playing a sport, if you feel strong or sharp pain, listen to your body and take rest. Seek assistance from a medical professional if the pain continues.

  6. Purchase Good Footwear

    1. Shoes should be purchased based on the type of feet (flat or arch), and new running shoes should be purchased every 6 months.

  7. Rest

    1. Give the body some rest before doing the same intense activity. Cross training is a great way to avoid repeated stress injuries.


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Bibliography