CANADA 2060

What will Canada be like?

Introduction

For many years, Canada has been known for one of the best countries to live in due to the free healthcare and education, multiculturalism and the country's lack of overpopulation. However, will it always remain this way? What will Canada be like in 2060? Will the population increase or decrease? What will happen to the First Nations? Will there be more or less immigrants? There are no definite answers to these questions. However, current data can be used to predict the demography, immigration and the future of the First Nations people.

Immigration

Canada has an average of about 36 million citizens as of right now. However, in 2060, the country will grow drastically due to the accumulation of immigrants over the years. The graph on the right displays the number of immigrants from 1860 to 2010. It is evident that over the past 23 years Canada has had more than 250 000 immigrants. If this continues, Canada will need to reject more people applying for immigration, in order to avoid overpopulation. Thus, in 2060, the Canadian immigration rate will decline.


Entrepreneurs have had a major impact on Canada's economy due to the jobs they are able to provide for Canadians. It is evident that the number of foreign entrepreneurs in the country has been declining already. In fact, 447 entrepreneurs immigrated to Canada in 2008, however, in 2012, it decreased to 127 entrepreneurs. By 2060, the number of foreign entrepreneurs in Canada will decline even further, which will causes many problems such as less job opportunities and slow economic growth rate.

The Future for the First Nations

There are 1 400 865 registered First Nations in Canada which is about 4.3% of Canada's total population. In 2060, I predict that the Aboriginal's population will gradually increase for the following reason. Firstly, the Aboriginal's have been growing in numbers recently, in fact between 2006 and 2011 the population of the Aboriginal's increased by 232 835 people. If this continues, by 2060 over 50% of Canada will be First Nation. Most of Ontario, will be filled with First Nation in 2060 since eight in ten Aboriginal's live in Ontario.


Stephen Harper has contributed 1.9 billion dollars towards funding Aboriginal schools across Canada and he also spent 500 million dollars in new infrastructures on the reserves. I predict that in 2060, First Nations will have more job opportunities since education provides students with a wide variety of opportunities and help pursue their career. That is an advantage as well as Canada since the more people working the more our economy will grow.


The government has also given Aboriginals the control of their education system which allows them to permit culture and language in their curriculum. The Residential schools back then have had a huge impact on the Aboriginal community because it has lead to having a low population of Aboriginals who are able to speak their own language and know their own culture. Fortunately, with this new curriculum students will be learning the language of their ancestors as well as their culture. In 2060, the population of Aboriginals that know their language and culture will increase due to this education system.

PM Stephen Harper 1 Feb 7 2014 in Kainai First Nation in Alberta

Birth Rate

Canada's has a birth rate of 10.29 births per 1000 Canadian citizens currently. However, in 2060 I predict that the birth rate will go down since women fear the economic impact that may effect them if they decide to have a child. This chart on the right shows the births per 1000 females. As you can clearly see that number has been decreasing over the years since most females tend to avoid having a child because of the disadvantages it would come with such as financial lost since raising a child is expensive especially when you don't have a career and it is proven that women lose 10 to 20 percent of income in their ten years of their upcoming childbirth. In Canada the population of women who decide to have a child in the age of 35+ have been increasing because that is the age that most women have enough money to raise a child. If more women decide to wait that long then the birthrate will definitely go down in the future.

Death Rate

Canada's current death rate is about 8.31 deaths per 1000 Canadians. In 2060 the death rate will decrease for the following reason. Cancer rates have been decreasing ever since the mid 1990's causing many men and women to live longer allowing the death rate to decrease. With more cures coming out for different diseases scientist will eventually find a cure for cancer by 2060. That would help since most men in Canada die of cancer in their 50's and by finding a cure that would make a massive impact for the death rate in a positive way. Furthermore, the graph on the right displays that the infant mortality rate have been decreasing over the past years, meaning less child births have occurred. By 2060, that number may be less than 1 with our healthcare improving year by year.

Natural Increase Rate and Population Growth Rate

Canada's current natural increase rate is 2.41. In 2060, that number may increase gradually for the following reason. As most women nowadays, decide on having their child in their mid 30's that would most likely lower the birth rate. However, with Canada's healthcare improving year by year citizens would live longer lowering the death rate. That would cause the natural increase rate to rise because even though the birth rate lowers the death rate will decrease at a faster rate. For example in 2060, if Canada has 2.23 deaths per 1000 people and 5.12 births per 1000 people, the natural increase rate will rise to 3.11


0.76% is Canada's current population growth, but in 2060, that number will decrease since, the immigration rate will decrease because of overpopulation and the birth rate will lower due to the fact that females over 35+ then decide to have a child.

Dependency Load

Canada's dependency ratio is currently 46 dependents per 100 workers. Unfortunately, that number will rise during 2060. In fact, it has already started to rise because in 2010, there were only 44 dependents per 100 workers. Firstly, the main reason why the dependency ratio will increase is because of the baby boomers. This population pyramid clearly shows that men and women between the ages of 50 and 54 have the highest population in Canada. In 2060, they will enter retirement, causing Canada's population of dependants to increase. That is a disadvantage because all the taxes Canada earns goes straight to the baby boomers, so in other words they aren't making a profit.


Secondly, the First Nation community have a higher birth rate compared to the rest of the population. That is a problem because parents need to spend their money to raise their kids which means there isn't enough money going into the economy. However, there is a bright side. With Stephen Harpers help those kids will receive an education giving them a higher chance of getting a job, which allows them to contribute to Canada's economy. Furthermore, there birth rate may decrease in the future because educated aboriginal females may wait to pursue their career first than have a child.

Ganish Rampersad

My life Compared to My parents during 2060 by Ganish Rampersad

Conclusion

Canada's economy is bound to suffer in 2060. The amount of entrepreneurs immigrating will decline and dependency load will increase. Furthermore, the birth rate and the death rate will decrease in 2060. The death rate will decrease at a faster rate causing our natural increase rate to rise. The First Nation population will expand. Canada is bound to face overpopulation, thus, in 2060, Canada will reject most immigrants applying to Canada to control population growth. Although Canada will face many obstacles in 2060, the First Nations community will finally be able to thrive.