CANADA IN 2050
WHAT CANADA WILL LOOK LIKE IN THE YEAR 2050
Firstly, as the Aboriginal population is at a recent increase they are likely to hit a peak population and begin dramatically reducing population size due to assimilation. One reason for assimilation will be that as the Canadian baby boomers retire there will be a large gap in populations needed to fill in for their jobs, the Aboriginals could easily take their place if educated right. But merging the Aboriginals with the general population in the work force may cause the Aboriginals to be assimilated into the cultures and traditions of non-aboriginal Canadians. This in time dramatically decreasing the population of Aboriginals as generations go by. Secondly, Aboriginal reserves currently have terrible conditions including poverty, bad education, crime and disease, in which a minority of Aboriginals actually live in. As Canadas population flourishes through immigration and other means they will need more land for settlers, with Aboriginals not really occupying their land, the Canadian government may try to buy the reserves off of the Aboriginals although violating various signed treaties. Lastly, the Aboriginals will retain their right of self government. Aboriginals have been living in poverty for the last few decades because the Canadian government has been reluctant to fund schools, health care and other necessities. So in the future the Aboriginals will finally be able to argue their point of why they should be self governed with more valid points, for example, they may argue that their culture is assimilating and many of their treaties like the Comprehensive claim are being violated by Canadian settlers. This could persuade the Canadian government into giving the Aboriginals back self government.
To conclude, I believe that by the year 2050, the Aboriginals population will dramatically decrease due to assimilation, reserves will be sold off to the Canadian government and the Aboriginal people will redeem their idea of self government.
This shows us the percentage of people coming from different parts of the world. We can see a majority of people currently coming from Asia , this trend will likely continue on to 2050.
(Graph, Statistics Canada, Demographics at a Glance)
First of all, I predict an increase in immigrants because of how diverse Canada is and how this will welcome more people than ever before. Therefore, immigrants would feel as if they could easily practice their own cultures and feel as if they are not being assimilated into the cultures of the general population. Although Canada is under populated in terms of how much land we have for such few people, a majority of Canada is settling into a clustered distribution pattern because most of our land is inhabitable with the Rocky Mountains and the Northern territories. As more people are coming over and settling in the same areas like Toronto or Vancouver, the cities infrastructures will not be able to handle the overload of people. This prompting the government to either cut immigration numbers or boost immigration to other cities and provinces. To cut immigration numbers there must be a sufficient change to the point system, allowing mainly people that are able to contribute to the country is the best option. This leads Canada into accepting many economic immigrants creating a new intervening obstacle towards family class immigrants or refugees. Boosting numbers of immigrants to other provinces would mean that more people would live in rural cities until the city grows to a number where urbanization can flourish. This opening many more jobs and careers for immigrants.
Overall, I believe that Canadas immigration rate will heavily increase by 2050, causing many issues in terms of whether or not cities will reach their maximum capacity, where these people will settle and how the Canadian government will control the outbreak in populations.
Firstly, I believe that the population will increase because Canada is a growing country with lots to offer, but the majority of the increased population will be made of immigrants rather than the general population. Secondly, death rate will rise above birth rate because as the baby boomers begin to die off and the low fertility rates continue, the deaths of this large chunk of the population will override the upcoming births leading the population to dramatically decrease in the future (Figure 2, below). The government could then try to keep the population growing by giving people incentives for having children, but most of the population gap would be filled in with immigrants. Life expectancy will also increase because of Canadas medical and technological advances (Figure 3). With a decreased risk of diseases due to medical advances in the future, the child mortality rate will almost diminish causing more people to pass away at older ages (Figure 4). This is good for Canada's future because higher the age of death means that the country is doing well in terms of health care, which could be a huge pull factor for immigrants. Finally, I predict that in 2050 the number of French speaking Canadians will thoroughly decrease due to assimilation of the culture. Since the population of French speaking Canadians is already such a minority, as more immigrants come to Canada the French Canadians will be over shadowed. Losing the French culture could be a bad for Canada because we would be losing a part of our history.
Overall I believe that Canada in the year 2050 will hold and increase in population, the death rate will rise above birth rate, life expectancy will increase and the French Canadians population will almost vanish.
This graph shows the projection of birth rate and death rate. Around 2030 is when the death rate rises above the birth rate due the the baby boomers death, and the population of Canada will then begin decreasing. (Graph, Statistics Canada, Demographics at a Glance)
This graph shows the projection of life expectancy in Canada. We can see that it is increasing and reaches the highest it has ever been in 2050. As explained in the text, one of the factors effecting the life expectancy growth could be the medical and technological advances. (Graph, Statistics Canada, Demographics at a Glance)
This graph shows the number of deaths by age, we see a big improvement from 1926 to 2005 where more people were dying at an older age which is better. By 2050 this trend of less deaths at a younger age and more older will continue. The graph shape also tells us that Canada will still be a developed country with great healthcare in 2050. (Graph, Statistics Canada, Demographics at a Glance)
Aboriginal education assimilation
HOW MY LIFE WILL BE DIFFERENT IN 2050
Canada in 2050 by Sana Askary
Index Mundi "Canada Demographics profile", CIA World Factbook, February 2014, Web.
Laboucane Robert, Aboriginal Multi-Media Society "Canada's Aboriginal Crisis", Vol. 28, Issue. 7, 2010. Web.
Restoule Jean- Paul, Ontario Institute for Studies in Education "Jean-Paul Restoule on Aboriginal Education and the changing Aboriginal population", OISE tube, February 2012, Web.
Statistics Canada "Aboriginal and Northern Development of Canada", October 2013, Web.
Statistics Canada "Canadian Demographics at a glance", Catalogue # 91-003-X, January 2008, Web.
Statistics Canada "Ethnic Diversity and Immigration", March 2013 , Web.
Statistics Canada "French and the Francophone in Canada", Catalogue # 98-314-X, January 2014, Web.
Statistics Canada "Labour Force Characteristics", March 2014, Web.