Woodrow Wilson

28th President of the United States

A brief biography

  • Born as Thomas Woodrow Wilson to Jessie Janet Woodrow & Joseph Ruggles Wilson
  • Birth place: December 28, 1856 in Stauton, Virginia
  • Death place: February 03, 1924 in Washington, D.C.
  • Education: College of New Jersey, Davidson College, Wesleyan University, Bryn Mawr College, Law School of the University of Virginia, John Hopkins University
  • Wilson, a Democrat, served 2 terms of U.S. presidency.
  • Wilson was the first U.S. President to receive a PhD in political science, from which he earned from John Hopkins University.
  • Signed legislation in 1914 that created the Federal Trade Commission (FTC).
  • Wilson lowered the tariff, introduced the income tax, and instituted the Federal Reserve System to reform the national economy.
  • Wilson had 2 wives - Ellen Wilson and Edith Wilson. Wilson married Edith after Ellen's death in 1914.
  • On May 9th, 1914, Wilson issued a presidential proclamation hat established the national observance of Mother's Day in the United States.

Reform Interests

  • During his first term as President, Wilson focused on tariff reform , banking reform, and business reform.
  • Tariff reform was accomplished with the Underwood Tariff Act of 1913, which lowered tariffs on manufactured goods and raw materials.
  • Through the passage of the Federal Trade Act in 1914, business reform was achieved. The act helped investigate and stopped unfair and illegal business practices.
  • Perhaps the most famous banking reform achievements of Woodrow's was the creation of the Federal Reserve System in 1913. He also passed the Federal Farm Loan Act in 1916, which set up Farm Loan Banks to support farmers.
  • Wilson also sought reform in children - he passed legislation that set the maximum amount of hours children could work in factories on a weekly basis.

Works & Accomplishments

Along with his other attributes, Wilson was an accomplished author.

  • Congressional Government - published 1885
  • On Being Human - published 1897
  • The State: Elements of Historical and Practical Politics - published 1898
  • A History of the American People - published 1902
  • Constitutional Government in the United States - published 1908
  • The New Freedom - published 1913
  • When A Man Comes To Himself - published 1915

Accompanying a much more comprehensive list, the following things were named in Wilson's honor:

  • The Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars - a living memorial to Wilson located at the Smithsonian Institution
  • Wilson College - a residential college at Princeton University
  • Wilson Hall - administrative building at John Hopkins University
  • $100,000 bill - used only for transactions between the Federal Reserve & the Treasury

Offices elected to...

  • Wilson was the recipient of the 1919 Nobel Peace Prize.
  • Served as President of Princeton University (College of New Jersey) from 1902-1910, as Governor of New Jersey from 1911-1913, and as the 28th POTUS from 1913-1919.
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Impact on Public eye

  • Woodrow Wilson helped to change society by being heavily involved and influential in foreign policy matters. His ideal inspired many Americans and it shaped much of American foreign policy enforced today.
  • Wilson was very successful at seeking is reform - he reduced tariffs, enforced federal regulation of business, and provided federal aid to education and agriculture.
⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀"The history of liberty is a history of resistance."

⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀"I would rather belong to a poor nation that was free than to a rich

⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀nation that had ceased to be in love with liberty."


Test your knowledge : Woodrow Wilson Questions & Answers

  1. For what university did Woodrow Wilson serve as president from 1902-1910?

    Princeton University

  2. Wilson established the national observance of which holiday? Mother’s Day

  3. What state was Wilson born in? Virginia

  4. With what political party was Wilson associated with? the Democratic party

  5. Wilson signed legislature into law that created the central banking system of the

    United States. What is the system called? The Federal Reserve