The Regional States


Rather than regional states. England actually had regional monarchies and this was first started when England was under the rule of King Cnut Sweinson. From there, after Cnut's reign was over, as was his dynasty, Edward the confessor became king in 1042. Edward the confessor has spent a great deal of time in Normandy, and as a result of this, quite a couple of english families grew independent. And in 1066, Edward passed away childless, and thus had no heir. But, his brother in law Harald Godwinson had claimed that Edward has made him his successor.

William of Normandy was Edward’s cousin and also claimed to have been named the heir. WIlliam and Edward were actually quite close and some sources do show proof that Edward look down on William as a son. There were negotiations between Edward and William’s family in 1051 by which Edward was to declare William his legal heir. This proposal was not actually put into action but William did not forget it and that is why he claimed to be Edward's rightful and lawful heir.

At the battle of the Hasting, October 12, 1066 , Williams forces defeated Harald's army, and Harald was also killed. Thus, William was crowned king at Christmas. Though it may seem as if William had become king through a conquest, William has insisted that he received the throne because he was the rightful heir.

In 1086, William ordered an inventory of the kingdom, which became the Domesday book. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle stated that the inventory was so detailed, "not a cow or a pig escaped notice." He continued Anglo-Saxon legal practice including the division of the country into Shires under the custody of the Shire-reeve, and continued issuing Writs, only they were now issued in Latin rather than in Old English.

As a conclusion though, England had been able to establish regional monarchies that maintained order.