New World; New Beginnings?
Europeans and Amerindians: clash? or unite?
Juan Gines De Sepulveda (Spanish Humanist and Explorer)
Juan Gines De Sepulveda, often compared and contrasted with Bartolome De Las Casas, is a Spanish explorer that illustrates Native Americans as child-like, barbaric, and even as savages. Explaining to his fellow conquistadors that they are to the Spanish as "women are to men...children are to adults...and apes are to man." Sepulveda believed that these Native Americans were in need of civilizing and therefore took upon himself to not only civilize them, but also to invert them from various polytheistic denominations to Christianity.
Bartolome De Las Casas (Spanish Explorer and Historian)
- Unlike Juan Gines De Sepulveda, De Las Casa did not believe the domination of Amerindians.
- Recognized the accomplishments of Native American cultures.
- Criticized Spanish (Conquistadors) treatment towards Native Americans
- Wrote books and letters to publicize the horrible treatment of Native Americans by Spanish.
This map shows the difference between the northern and southern tribes. it showed how some were nomadic and some were sedentary
Native Americans in the Southern part of North America were able to become semi-sedentary because they could grow maize.
Corn became a staple in most Native American diets