Mesopotamia

Geographer, Historian, Agriculturlist, and Archeologist

Geographer Questions

1) Mesopotamia means "land between two rivers". The two rivers that it is between is the Tigris and the Euphrates river.

2) Picture is below

3) Mesopotamia has a dry desert climate.

4) The country of Iraq would be in Mesopotamia's place.

5) The distance from Elm City Middle to Mesopotamia is about 6372.69 miles which is about 10255.57 kilometers.

Historian Questions

1) The 4 civilizations are the Hittites, the Kassities, the Chaldeans, and the Phoenicians.

2) The requirements for civilizations are development of writing, distinct religious structure, new forms of artistic and cultural activity, political and military structures, development of technology, urban revolution, and a social structure based off of economic power.

3) Hammurabi's Code was important because it was the first set of laws and it didn't matter if you were rich or poor, if you were found guilty you were to be punished for it.

4) Laws that I found interesting: law #21 - If any one break a hole into a house (break in to steal), he shall be put to death before that hole and be buried; Law #148 If a man take a wife, and she be seized by disease, if he then desire to take a second wife he shall not put away his wife, who has been attacked by disease, but he shall keep her in the house which he has built and support her so long as she lives.; Law #195 If a son strike his father, his hands shall be hewn off.; and Law #197 If he break another man's bone, his bone shall be broken.

5)Gilgamesh was is an ancient king of Uruk. He was considered the first superhero. Gilgamesh was part human but he was also part god. He had many different powers. Gilgamesh could lift mountains, he could fight any of the monsters in the forest next to the kingdom and win, and he could dive to the deepest point in the sea and back in one breath. Gilgamesh was always bored, always sighing, and always gloomy. So one day he prayed to the gods that he would have something fun to do. The gods saw how bored and gloomy Gilgamesh was so they created a new person and named him Enkidu. Enkidu was faster, stronger, and wild. The whole kingdom fled in terror. Gilgamesh and Enkidu fought and nobody could win. Enkidu was stronger and faster so he could get out of Gilgamesh's traps and Gilgamesh could hold his breath if Enkidu grabbed his throat and get out of it. They became the best of friends and left Uruk. Once the citizens had heard that they had left they had a celebration that Gilgamesh found a friend. They prayed that he would always have fun

Time line of the Civilizations/#1

Agriculturalist

Agriculturalist Questions

1) It did not rain much in Mesopotamia but people irrigated the land so the crops grew quickly. They made baskets from weeds that grew by the river and they made pottery out of wet clay. They planted cucumbers, onions, apples, spices, wheat, barely, and dates for crops.

2) Poisoned fields were a part of the collapse because the process of irrigation was leaving behind mineral salts which was just sitting there on the fields. When the mineral salts start to concentrate on the upper levels of soil it becomes very poisonous for the crops and plants.

3) Mesopotamians usually ate 2 times a day. They usually ate things like unleavened bread, cooked vegetable stews (because meat was too expensive unless you were rich), and fish. They also ate fruits like apples, pears, grapes, figs, apricots, plums, quinces, mulberry, melons, and pomegranates. For drink they had beer (usually drank up to about a gallon a day) and cow milk which went sour quickly because of the hot climate.

4) They would live closer to water because they would have something to drink if they needed it, they could catch fish if they needed food, and they would have something to water crops with.

Archaeologist Questions

1) One of the seven wonders of the world was the Hanging Garden of Mesopotamia

2) The invention I am going to explain is the wheel. The wheel is an important invention because it was used t get you places faster back then and it is still used for the same reason today. Back then the wheel was used on chariots. Today we still use the wheel for transportation on cars, buses, and trains.

3)Cuneiform is a writing system developed by the Egyptian and Mesopotamians. (Picture below)

4) There are the priests, the upper class, the lower class, and then there are the slaves (in that order).

5) The Ziggurat is a pyramid shaped temple that was used for a place to pray and give offerings of food to the gods. The food that was offered to the gods was eaten by the priests because the gods couldn't eat it.. (Picture below)