Estincition of Red Wolves
What is being done to save Red Wolves? What Can You Do?
About Red Wolves
“The red wolf once roamed the forested eastern United States in great numbers. Today, however, the red wolf exists in the wild only in northeastern North Carolina and on island propagation sites. Over 200 red wolves live in captive management facilities across the nation. Once a symbol of wild beauty, this magnificent predator has suffered the fate of wolves nearly everywhere in the world. Three hundred years of hunting and habitat destruction have diminished their numbers sharply. These two factors, plus interbreeding with coyotes, have brought the red wolf to the edge of extinction. This animal needs the help, understanding, and support of humans if it is to survive and to thrive in the wild. Red wolves are shy and reclusive, hunting mostly at night, avoiding contact with humans. According to the legend of the Yuchi Indians, neighbors of the Cherokee, the wolf was one of the four lost sons of the wind, elusive and unseen, never where people imagined it to be. To the Creek Indians, the silence of the wolf was a virtue. Silence ensures the success of the hunter; thus the Creek emulated the stealth of the wolf by refusing even to utter its name. But red wolves are scarce now, existing on a thin margin of survival. Yet, there is hope. The red wolf needs you, and you can help. No matter who you are or where you live, you can join with others to ensure that this remarkable predator has a home in the wild.”
The Red Wolves are very close to extinction. Illegal hunting and interbreeding with coyotes are two of many causes of their low numbers. Red Wolves use to be a very common species around the world. Today, their almost extinct. Hope for the Red Wolves is one of many things that we have that can help save the Red Wolves (Liz).
What others are doing to help save Red Wolves
"In the 1970s, only 14 pure Red Wolves roamed the planet. By 1980, those wolves had been removed from the wild to establish a breeding program to restore the population.
Point Defiance Zoo & Aquarium joined forces with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and Service and the Association of Zoos and Aquariums in 1984 to establish a long-term propagation program for the Red Wolf and to include it in a Species Survival Plan (SSP), along with hundreds of other animals.
Today more than 30 approved facilities work together as part of the Red Wolf SSP to ensure Red Wolf survival. Since the creation of the breeding program, the population of Red Wolves has increased dramatically, with their numbers now at nearly 200 in the SSP and over 100 wolves in the wild.
Extensive statistical analysis of the population and careful attention to the details of managing a very small gene pool has helped to maintain genetic diversity for the wolves. Genome resource banking and assisted reproduction techniques are also being studied and used as tools to help better manage the Red Wolf population.
One of the most significant aspects of the Red Wolf Species Survival Plan has been the successful management of a reintroduced wolf population to the wild. The goal from the start of the breeding program has been to put the Red Wolf back into its natural habitat. Great care had to be taken to maintain the wolves' natural instincts and minimize human contact. All the efforts of those involved in the breeding and reintroduction programs proved successful as the first Red Wolves were released to a native habitat at the Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge, NC in 1987. Each reintroduced wolf wore a radio collar so that it could be tracked and studied.
A year after the first wolves were reintroduced to the refuge, the first wild wolf pups were born. Since that first reintroduction in 1987, many other wolves have successfully bred in the SSP and the wild. The reintroduced wolves continue to survive and breed successfully, helping to bolster the world population to approximately 300 individual wolves.Conservation and reintroduction have not only helped to keep the species from extinction, but restore the ecosystems where they once lived. As key predators, Red Wolves maintain the balance and population of the different species they prey upon. The Red Wolf Species Survival Plan continues to be an outstanding example of successful zoo-based conservation. With the future of the Red Wolf still in question, biologists continue to study these amazing animals to help ensure their continued survival."
Point Defiance Zoo & Aquarium, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and Service and the Association of Zoos and Aquariums create the SAA to help endangered species like the Red Wolf. The SAA stands for Species and Survival Plan. This SAA breeds endangered species with animals the same species, to create more animals of that species ("Red Wolf Conservation.").
What you can do
■ Get involved! Join the Red Wolf Coalition (www.redwolves.com) and support its red wolf conservation and recovery efforts. You can do many things on your own to help, but a group of people working together has more power to get things done.
■ Visit a place where red wolves live. It might be a zoo, an island, or a wildlife refuge in northeastern North Carolina! Remember, if it weren't for zoos, the red wolf would be extinct! Be sure to tell the staff and directors how important they are for the red wolf! Ask how you can get involved.
■ Adopt a local natural area. Volunteer to maintain and improve it.
■ Inform elected officials, lawmakers, and civic and business organizations of your concerns about wildlife protection.
■ Support land conservation initiatives and programs."
There is a lot of things you can do to help save Red Wolves from extinction. Just learning about Red Wolves can help too. A great example is reading this smore. You can go see
Red Wolves at zoos. Just by supporting Red Wolves, you can make a big difference (Liz).
Liz. RedWolf2 (n.d.): n. pag. Web.
"Red Wolf Conservation." Point Defiance Zoo & Aquarium. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2015.
"Red Wolf In Peril." Red Wolf In Peril. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 May 2015. (Image)