Intellectual, Learning and Developmental Disabilities
Intellectual disabilities are defined as having limitations in both intellectual function and adaptive behavior. They are generally diagnosed in individuals with IQ's under 75. Many people with intellectual disabilities have problems with conceptual skills, social skills and practical skills.
A learning disability is not a problem with intelligence like intellectual disabilities are. They are problems with the neural pathways in the brain. A child with a learning disability does not process certain types of information the same way everyone else does. Common learning disabilities include, dyslexia, dyscalculia, dysgraphia, dyspraxia, dysphasia, auditory processing disorder and visual processing disorder. That covers a learning disability for each of the 5 senses.
Developmental Disabilities are severe, long term problems. They can be physical, mental or both. An example of a developmental disability is Down syndrome.
1. First and foremost, I have to get to know my students and make them feel welcome in our classroom.
2. I will have to use manipulatives with this type of student, (i.e. use shaving cream on the table instead of pencil and paper for spelling)
3. I will do learning activities that include multiple senses.