Specific Learning Disabilities

Information, Classroom Strategies, & Resources

General Information

Dyscalculia: ability to understand numbers and learn math facts is a struggle; difficulty retaining math facts, vocabulary and/or concepts; visual-spatial difficulties as well as time concepts; trouble organizing information

Dysgraphia: fine motor skills and handwriting ability are affected. Spelling is also poor with difficulty composing a written sample while thinking. Is able to verbalize understanding of idea/topic but not write it out; syntax, decoding, and fluency difficulty

Dyslexia: reading and language-based processing skills are affected, difficulty with oral and written language, difficulty relating speech sounds with letters and words

Effective Class Strategies

Dyscalculia: allow colored pencils for individual or multi-step problems,

use graph paper to organize problems,

allow scratch paper and picture diagrams for individual problems and concepts,

use mnemonic devices, rhythm and music to learn facts, concepts, and steps

Dysgraphia: use small written tasks with step by step instruction building to larger assignments,

practice with a diary or list making, recorded lectures to supplement note taking, alternative means of assessment (oral reports or visual projects),

make available a proofreading checklist with helpful vocabulary words,

assistive technology (keyboard or voice activated programs)

Dyslexia: allow use of technology for audio books and writing assignments,

provide copy of lecture notes,

overlook spelling in classes other than language arts,

provide a quiet area and extended time for reading and comprehension questions