Article One

By Lauren Dee

Congress

The Congress have the power to make laws and they're made up of two chambers to represent different interests. The Senate represents the ht estates and the House to be more responsive to the people's will.

House of Representatives Election and Term of Office

Voters are known as "Electors", Every 2 years the voters choose new Congress members to serve in the House of Representatives. The Constitution states that each state may specify who can vote. But because of the 15th, 19th, 24th , and 26th Amendments, they have guidelines that all state must follow.

Qualifications

The Representatives must be be 25 years or older.

Division of Representatives Among the States

The number of representatives from each state is based on the size of the state's population. All the states are divided into congressional districts, w/ each district required to be equal in population. Each state is given the right to have at least one representative. The number of representatives in the House was set at 435 in 1929. Since then, there has been a distribute of seats based on population shifts rather than on addition seats.

Only 3/5 of a state's slave population was to be counted in determining the number of representatives elected by the state. Native Americans were not counted at all.

The "enumeration" refereed to is the census, the population count taken every 10 years since 1790.

How Bills Become Laws

If you want a bill to become a law, it has to be passed by the houses of Congress and has to be signed by the President. If the president disapproves or vetoes the bill, it is returned to the house where it was originated. Along w/ the presidents statement of why he vetoed it. If 2/3 of each house approves of the bill, and the president vetoed it, it can still become a law. Trying to make a vetoed bill become a law, it has to be recorded in the journals of official records. If the president does not sign or veto a bill within 10 days (including Sundays), it becomes a law. However, if the Congress has adjourned during the 10 day period, the bill does not become a law. That is known as a "pocket law".

Vacancies

Vacancies in the House are filled through special elections called by the state's governor.

Officers

The Speaker is the leader of the majority party in the House. They are responsible for choosing the heads of the various House committees. "Impeachment" means a formal charge or accusation of a serious crime, or bringing charges against an official.