Volume 8. Issue 6 Thanksgiving Edition
Ham or Turkey? By: Sara Doyne
Since Thanksgiving is coming up, I thought I’d ask around, and see if people preferred Turkey or Ha at Thanksgiving dinner. I gathered around thirty- five different answers from students, and create a poll down below.
43% answered Ham
57% answered Turkey
What do you prefer turkey or ham at Thanksgiving dinner? Hope you enjoyed, have a great Thanksgiving break!
DCMS Sports by Dakota Rowland
Our first game of the season was a very good game. We went against Lewisburg and started off to an open 1-0 season. We started off slow in the first quarter but after that we kicked It in gear taking the lead for the rest of the game. By the end of the game our team was on fire winning 57-37.
The second game of the season was against center hill. Once again we start off slow in the 1st quarter but get in to the game 2nd quarter. The whole game it was pretty close but our 4th quarter appearance showed out. We won the game tacking on to our 2-0 record. Season is looking good for our Jaguars.
The Black Friday Gold Scandal by Beaux Guidry
If any pair of investors had the financial clout and lack of scruples required to engineer the bedlam of Black Friday, it was Jay Gould and Jim Fisk. As president and vice president of the Erie Railroad, the duo had won a reputation as two of Wall Street’s most ruthless financial masterminds. Their rap sheets boasted everything from issuing fake stock to bribing politicians and judges, and they enjoyed a lucrative partnership with Tammany Hall power player William “Boss” Tweed. “Gould’s nature suggested survival from the family of spiders,” historian Henry Adams later wrote. “He spun huge webs, in corners and in the dark…he seemed never to be satisfied except when deceiving everyone as to his intentions.”
In early 1869, Gould spun a web aimed at conquering what was perhaps the most audacious target in the American financial system: the gold market. At the time, gold was still the official currency of international trade, but the United States had gone off the gold standard during the Civil War, when Congress authorized $450 million in government-backed “greenbacks” to fund the Union march to war. Competing currencies—gold and greenbacks—had been in circulation ever since, and Wall Street had formed a special “Gold Room” where brokers could trade them. Since there was only around $20 million in gold in circulation at any given time, Gould wagered that a speculator with deep enough pockets could potentially buy up huge amounts of the precious metal until they had “cornered” the market. From there, they could drive up the price and sell for astronomical profits.
Gould’s gold ploy faced one very significant hurdle: President Ulysses S. Grant. Since the beginning of Grant’s tenure as chief executive, the U.S. Treasury had continued a policy of using its massive gold reserves to buy back greenbacks from the public. This meant that the government effectively set the value of gold: when it sold its supply, the price went down; when it didn’t, the price went up. If a speculator like Gould tried to corner the market. For his gold scheme to work, Gould needed President Grant to keep a tight grip on his purse strings.
“The Mephistopheles of Wall Street” found an elegant solution to the government problem in the form of Abel Corbin, a former Washington bureaucrat who happened to be married to Ulysses Grant’s sister, Jennie. In the spring of 1869, Gould befriended Corbin and persuaded him to help with his secret plan to corner the gold market. As a quid pro quo, he deposited a cool $1.5 million in gold in an account under Corbin’s name. The president’s brother-in-law sprang into action that summer. To ensure Gould would have an ear on the government’s actions, Corbin used his political influence to help install General Daniel Butterfield as the U.S. sub-treasurer in New York. In exchange for providing advance notice of any government gold sales, Butterfield was given a $1.5 million stake in the scheme and a $10,000 loan. Corbin also used his family connections to cozy up to Grant and try to persuade him that high gold prices would benefit U.S. farmers who sold their harvest overseas. He arranged for Gould to meet with Grant to discuss the matter, and even helped anonymously author an editorial in the New York Times claiming that the president had reversed his financial policy. The constant wheedling eventually paid off. During a meeting with Corbin on September 2, Grant confided that he had changed his mind on gold and planned to order the treasury not to sell over the next month.
Jay Gould and a few other conspirators had been secretly stockpiling gold since August, but upon learning that the fix was in, they disguised their identities behind an army of brokers and proceeded to gobble up all the gold they could. As the Gould-Fisk ring increased its stake, gold’s value climbed to dizzying heights. In August, a $100 gold piece had sold for around $132 in greenbacks, but only a few weeks later, the price spiked as high as $141. In Wall Street’s Gold Room, distraught speculators and gold short-sellers suddenly found themselves caught in a vise. Rumors spread about a nefarious group of investors who were trying to “bull,” or drive up, the gold market, and many began calling for the Treasury to intervene by selling its gold reserves. Fisk and Gould kept mum, but by that point, they personally owned a combined $60 million in gold—three times the amount of the public supply in New York.
Gould’s shopping spree continued unabated until September 22, when he learned from Abel Corbin that the president was on to them. Corbin had written Grant a letter looking for assurance that he remained firm on his new, non-interventionist gold stance, and the note had finally aroused the president’s suspicions that his brother-in-law might be involved in a gold scheme.
By September 24, 1869—the day that would become known as “Black Friday”—the hubbub over gold had reached a fever pitch. Mobs of spectators and reporters gathered near Wall Street, and many of the Gold Room’s indebted speculators walked to work like men on their way to the gallows. Gold had closed the previous day at $144 ½, but shortly after trading resumed, it took a tremendous leap to $160. Unaware that the game might soon be up, Fisk continued buying like a madman and bragged that gold would soon top $200. A few minutes later, Boutwell wired New York and announced the Treasury would sell a whopping $4 million in gold the following day.
Along with finally loosening Gould and Fisk’s grasp on the gold market, the news sent Wall Street into a tailspin. “Possibly no avalanche ever swept with more terrible violence,” the New York Herald later wrote. Within minutes, the inflated gold prices plummeted from $160 to $133. The stock market joined in on the plunge, dropping a full 20 percentage points and bankrupting or inflicting severe damage on some of Wall Street’s most venerable firms. Thousands of speculators were left financially ruined, and at least one committed suicide. Foreign trade ground to a halt. Farmers may have felt the squeeze most of all, with many seeing the value of their wheat and corn harvests dip by 50 percent.
Ripples from “Black Friday” affected the U.S. economy for several years and blighted the rest of Ulysses S. Grant’s tenure as president. Nevertheless, Jay Gould and Jim Fisk managed to escape the disaster none the worse for wear. Despite multiple allegations of malfeasance and an official investigation by Congress, the two leveraged their political connections and employed a brigade of attorneys to avoid spending a single night in jail. Fisk even ducked out on his massive losses, claiming third party brokers had made the trades without his knowledge. Gould may have proved even more fortunate. It’s unclear how his finances fared on Black Friday, but according to some estimates, his last minute fire sale may have netted him somewhere around $12 million.
Thanksgiving Fun Facts by Genesis Weeks
Thanksgiving is a national holiday celebrated on various dates in the United States, Canada, Brazil, Grenada, Saint Lucia, and Liberia, and the sub-national entities Leiden, Norfolk Island, and Puerto Rico. It began as a day of giving thanks and sacrifice for the blessing of the harvest and of the preceding year. With thanksgiving just around the corner, it would be fun to tell fun facts about the amazing holiday.
1. Americans eat over 280 million turkeys every thanksgiving.
2. Historians have no record of turkey being eaten at the first thanksgiving
3. Jingle Bells was originally a Thanksgiving Day song
4. The majority of Americans secretly dislike classic thanksgiving dishes but will eat them anyway.
5. More people enjoy Thanksgiving leftovers more than the meal itself
6. President Thomas Jefferson thought making Thanksgiving a national holiday was a ridiculous proposition.
7. The first thanksgiving meal took three days to eat.
8. Americans eat the weight of Singapore’s population in turkey every year.
9. The 1st thanksgiving football game was in 1876
10. Thanksgiving can occur as early as November 22 and as late as November 28
11. Big Bird from sesame street is actually a turkey
12. The worlds most expensive Thanksgiving dinner was 150,000
13. There is 3 times as many home cooking fires on thanksgiving as on a typical day
14. Americans spend around 1.05 billion dollars on turkey every year
Only 4 women attended the first Thanksgiving.
15. Abraham Lincoln proclaimed Thanksgiving a national holiday on October 3, 1863. Sarah Josepha Hale, the woman who wrote “Mary Had A Little Lamb,” convinced Lincoln to make Thanksgiving a national holiday after writing letters for 17 years.
17. More than 54 million Americans are expected to travel during the Thanksgiving holiday this year. That’s up 4.8% from last year.
Hope you learned something new from these incredible facts. Happy Thanksgiving!
Chills: Lizzie Borden by Harlee Hurst
Lizzie Andrew Borden was an American woman tried and acquitted of the for the August 4. 1892 axe murders of her father and stepmother in Fall River, Massachusetts. No one else was charged for the murders, and despite ostracism from other residents, Borden spent the remainder of her life in Fall River.
Lizzie lived with her stepmother Abby, father Andrew, and sister Emma. Her uncle John was in town at the time of the murders. The maid, Bridget (they called her Maggie for some reason) was home, too. Emma was at a party. On that day, Lizzie was doing some tasks, which change based on source.
On this day, Bridget hears Lizzie scream and she says Lizzie was telling Bridget her father was dead. When they inspect, his head was bashed in by and axe. It was so bad, you couldn’t see any of his facial features. Lizzie, Bridget, and a neighbor then went and looked for Abby. When they found her laying face-down, also bludgeoned to death by a hatchet.
It was later discovered that Abby died 1 ½ hours before Andrew. Abbie was axed 18 times and Andrew was hit 10 times, which would be greatly exaggerated in the nursery rhyme that would come later.
The first person to actually be arrested for the murders was an immigrant man who was soon declared innocent.
Being there at the time was not the only reason Lizzie looked suspicious. In the days before the murders, her family had been getting sick, supposedly by food poisoning. After the murders, a pharmacist testified that Lizzie had tried to buy acid from him. Some people think that the poisoning wasn’t going to work, so she tried a more affective method. Another unsettling detail is that she burned one of her dresses. In the 1800s, women only had 2 or 3 dresses. And that was if you were wealthy. Lizzie also could not confirm her exact whereabouts of that day. She claimed to have been in the barn, but the cops went to check it out, but it looked undisturbed.
When she was arrested, Lizzie was taken out of state because back then, women didn’t commit crimes, so there was no place to hold women. She was very lucky, because her lawyers were amazing. They got some very incriminating facts thrown out. They were the pharmacist’s testimony about the poison because it was so different from axing, the supposed “motives” (money and hatred), and the fact that Lizzie didn’t faint or become weary when finding her parents. Even though she was ostracized, she stayed in Fall River for the rest of her life when she was found innocent.
Favorite Thanksgiving Food by: Kathleen Healey
As we all know Thanksgiving is right around the corner. People eat all different types of food on thanksgiving. We decided to see what some student's favorite thanksgiving food is. Some students are listed below.
Adalyn Wright-Swedish meatballs
Mallory Hale- turkey
Viviana Sapiens-cherry pie
Andrea Acosta- turkey
Ulyssean Johnson-mashed potatoes
Maleah Mcdonald- macoroni
Cameron Hudson-sweet potatoes
David Enfield-turkey/sweet potato
Wyatt Bull- pumpkin pie
Paige Kellam-mashed potatoes
keston Brooks- turkeys
Mason Hldreth-once turkey
Mariah Robinson-green bean
Avery Faulkner- dressing
Many different foods were listed. Although we might not all eat the same food for thanksgiving its good to see what others eat. What are you eating for thanksgiving?
Thanksgiving Traditions by Bella LaVeck
Sometimes, Thanksgiving can get boring when you do the same stuff every year. For a lot of people Thanksgiving will probably be different this year. To make Thanksgiving more exciting I have some suggestions for new traditions. They are:
1. At dinner, you can right what your thankful for.
2. Collect canned goods and donate them to a food bank.
3. Have a ornament exchange with family.
4. If it's not too hot, eat outside.
5. Decorate thanksgiving cookies.
6. Watch the Macys Thanksgiving Parade with your family.
7. Play Football outside.
8. Go black Friday shopping.
9. Set up the Christmas tree when everybody goes home.
10. Play board games.
I hope this gave you some ideas for new and fun thanksgiving traditions.
Playstation 5 vs. Xbox Series X
You may have all heard about the Play station 5 and Xbox series x. But which one is better? Well to start out the Play Station 5 it holds 825 GB and has a GPU Architecture costume RDNA 2. It has a memory bandwidth of 448 GB. The Xbox on the other hand has 1 TB and 500 GB. It has true 4K gaming, 8k HDR High Dynamic Range. It can run up to 120 FPS and Xbox Velocity architecture. Based on this information that was given the Play Station 5 runs better graphics and the Xbox series X holds more storage. In Conclusion the Xbox Series X might be better than the Play Station 5.
2020-2021 Newspaper Staff
Senior Editor : Bella Laveck