Obesity

By Alani Smith

What is obesity?

Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health, leading to reduced life expectancy and/or increased health problems.

Why is obesity a National Health Priority Area?

  • It's a condition that Australian Governments have chosen for focused attention because they contribute significantly to the burden of illness injury in the Australian community.
  • When it was introduced there were 61.4% of Australian population overweight or obese

Statistics

  • 2 in 3 Australian adults (63%) are overweight or obese.
  • 10% more adults are overweight or obese than in 1995.
  • 1 in 4 Australian children (25%) are overweight or obese.
  • 15% more people living in outer regional and remote areas are overweight or obese.

Causes:


  • Genetics
  • Overeating
  • A high diet in simple carbohydrates
  • Frequency of eating
  • Slow metabolism
  • Medications
  • Physical activity
  • Psychological factors

Symptoms:

  • Weight gain
  • Body mass index above 30
  • Health problems
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Breathlessness
  • Increased sweating
  • Back pain/joints

Prevention & Treatment:

Prevention:

  • Eating healthy
  • Increasing activity levels
  • Monitor your weight
  • Be consistent
Treatment:

  • More exercise
  • Better diet

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Support agencies:

ObesityAustralian.org

Centre for community child health