Gifted and Talented Learners

How well do you accommodate them in your classroom?

Who are gifted and talented?

According to Friend and Bursuck, “Gifted and talented children and youth who possess demonstrated or potential high-performance capability in intellectual, creative, specific academic and leadership areas or the performing and visual arts" (2012).

Characteristics of individuals who are gifted and talented

When it comes to gifted and talented individuals no two are the same. As stated by (Friend & Bursuck, 2012), many students when it comes to academics are curious, retain information easily, unusual ability to concentrate, strong problem solvers, and have high levels of language development and verbal ability.

Their social and emotional skills can very greatly as well depending on the person. Some are well liked and emotionally healthy were as others are unpopular and are at risk for serious emotional problems. Many are sensitive to others' feelings, feel they have an obligation to help others, and tend to join community service activities. They hold high expectations for themselves as well for others which can lead to frustration, isolation, or alienation if they do not live up to their expectations (Friend & Bursuck, 2012).

On the other hand, there is a group of individuals that are considered gifted underachievers. This group's characteristics are they might not turn in homework, do poorly on tests, and achieve under grade level. Yet, they learn quickly when interested, are creative, and view their projects as they view themselves (Friend & Bursuck, 2012).

Types of assessment

Formal Assessments

Most common form of assessment that has been used in the past.

-Standardized Test (ISAT)

-Classroom assessments (chapter test)

Performance Based

Performance based assessments are becoming more common in the classroom because of Common Core State Standards. This type of assessment allows students to expand their learning and allows teachers to see what the student can really do.

Accommodations in least restrictive environment (LRE)

Curriculum compacting- "Teachers assess students’ achievement of instructional goals and then eliminate instruction on goals already met" (Friend & Bursuck, 2012, p. 247).

Acceleration- These students may skip a grade or complete the standards for two grades in a single year. In high school, acceleration may relate to a specific subject which means taking advanced course or courses (Friend & Bursuck, 2012).

Enrichment- " is an instructional approach that provides students with information, materials, and assignments that enable them to elaborate on concepts being presented as part of the standard curriculum and that usually require high levels

of thinking" (Friend & Bursuck, 2012, p. 248).

Differentiation- Designing multiple ways for students to reach an understanding of material.

Specialized Interventions

-Flexibility to foster peer and social relationships among students

-Assist for successful transitions

-Improve learning environments for students needs


When it comes to services for individuals who are gifted and talented, the schools are not required to recommend services. According to Friend and Bursuck, " legislation does not require specific services for gifted and talented students, and so the extent to which programs exist is determined largely by state and local policies" (2012).

- Special Schools

- Programs

-Classess offered throughout the year



Chicagoo Area Mensa. (2014). Gifted Children’s Resource Guide: Programs and Classes. Retrieved from

Davidson Institute for Talent Development. (2014). Gifted Ed State Policies: Illinois. Retrieved from

Friend, M., & Bursuck, W. (2012). Including students with special needs: A practical

guide for classroom teachers. (6th

Gifted and Talented Students. (n.d.). What is Differentation? Retrieved from

Illinois State Board of Education. (n.d.). Retrieved from

National Society for the Gifted & Talented. (2014). Retrieved from

The Queensland Association for Gifited & Talented Children. (2014). Policy statement: Curriculum provision to students with diverse learning needs. Retrieved from