The Country that Could Not Be Saved
Hawaiians Defended By No One
Benjamin Harrison was President of the United States during King Kalakaua's reign. He was a apart of the reciprocity agreement between the US and Hawaii; which was a treaty that allowed sugar to be transported to America without a tariff (tax). In 1887, there was a change in the reciprocity treaty. The Americans, as usual took advantage of their power over Hawaii. The new treaty came with a new condition. In order to renew the treaty between the US and Hawaii. Kalakaua had to give the Americans Pearl Harbor. The Americans saw interest in Pearl Harbor because of it's strategic military location. Kalakaua definitely did not agree with this. He tried to do right for his people and save part of the Hawaiians home. President Harrison did not accept that. The king of Hawaii was forced to comply with what the Americans wanted.
President Grover Cleveland was one of the few Americans that did not support the annexation of Hawaii. He himself, believed that the idea of annexing Hawaii (by force) was an act of war. Cleveland decided that he was going to send Secretary James Blount to Hawaii and overlook what was taking place in the islands. Blount realized the Americans were definitely trying to overthrow the government and take over all of Hawaii, rather than annexing Hawaii after a mutual vote between the Hawaiians and Americans. He wrote a 1,400 word report about the American tyrants. He stated in his report that it was definitely illegal and immoral for the US to overpower a country that was not theirs. President Cleveland received the report and ordered that the American flag needed to be brought down from I'olani Palace and the kingdom was to be returned to Queen Emma. Sanford B. Dole was the man that was "in charge' of the Americans that were in Hawaii. He refused to follow the president's orders. Nothing was done. It was as if Cleveland gave up on Hawaii Nei. Sadly, the queen did not get her thrown back and Hawaii remained to be victims of tyranny, first hand.
Minister John Stevens
John Stevens was the worst man of them all. He had an obvious hate for the Hawaiians. He was completely oblivious towards the people of the land. He enjoyed the overthrow of the Hawaiian government. He was a racist he believed that Hawaiians were child-like, unfit to rule a government, lazy, semi-barbaric, and so much more. When the Committee of Safety ask Stevens if he supports coup de' tat (Illegal seizure of power from a government) he inevitably approved. This awful man had all the say. He sent US Marines to march to downtown Honolulu to force Queen Emma to give up her kingdom, once and for all. Queen Emma was a very strong minded and driven person. She surrendered to the US but never to the provisional government, breaking the hearts of all of those who did not support Hawaii's "annexation."
Minister John Stevens
Is Hawaii Legally and Lawfully a State of the Union?
"Grover Cleveland." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 02 Mar. 2015.
"Мартенс, Фёдор Фёдорович." Словари и энциклопедии на Академике. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Mar. 2015.
"U.S. Minister John L. Stevens." Pacific Gibraltar USJapanese Rivalry over the Annexation of Hawaii 18851898. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Mar. 2015.