World Around Us

September 15th, 2014 32th Issue By Julia Hetherington

Alcohol

Topic of The Week

Today's topic is the subject of a certain drug. Drugs are a chemical substance that is taken into the body and affects the way the body/brain functions. But the drug we'll be focusing on this week is alcohol. Alcohol is a depressant drug, which you'll learn about later. However alcohol can and is used for recreational uses, it can be quiet addicting. To the point where one can only get pleasure from drinking, or only think about it. In this issue, we will discuss about this drug from temptations, effects, dangers. Plus a bit of facts at the end!

Temptations

Tempted for a Taste

There are many reasons to why someone might try alcohol, even though there are reasons not to, too.
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Peer Pressure

One form of the reasons people try alcohol is because of peer pressure. Peer pressure can come from friends. If wanting to fit in a group, one might feel pressured to do what they're doing too to fit in with them. This temptation is very common.


How to stop it?

Though the answer is simple, it will probably be hard to carry out. The simplest way to not feel pressured when a drink is offered by friends, is to just say 'no'. This will make them know you aren't comfortable. You could also leave the supposed friend group, which would be a permanent and safe 'no' to alcohol.

Stress

This temptation is more common in teenagers. The reason for this is because of the stress from school, tests, or, the more modern problem, strict parents who demand A's. To relieve the stress, one might choose to drink to relieve all the stress. Or bring a clear liqueur to school in a water bottle, to help relieve stress throughout the day, not just after or before.


How to stop it?

First off, if it's parents causing this stress, tell them. This might lessen the pressure on you, and help understand that they should lessen off. However, if it is school stress, telling your teachers and finding relaxing time might be the solution to ease off.

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Situations

Situations can sometimes lead to temptation to alcohol. Here's the some first signs that alcohol might be coming your way:



•No parents around.


•Someone (underage) has alcohol and isn't being secretive about it.


•Alcohol at a party.


•When studying with stress, alone.

Why People Drink

People drink for many reasons, and these reasons might be temptation. Some reasons are:


Experiment

Depression

To Look Cool

Boredom

To Enjoy Taste

To Celebrate

Party

To Be Able To Talk To The Opposite Gender

To Gain Confidence

To Get Drunk

To Lose Inhibitions

Addicted

Because It's Offered

To Look Mature

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No matter what, a good way to help stop temptations is to tell your parents. Communication is key.

Effects

Short Term Effects

•Drowsiness

•Vomiting

•Diarrhoea

•Upset stomach

•Headaches

•Breathing difficulty

•Distorted vision and hearing

•Impaired judgement

•Decreased judgement and coordination

•Unconsciousness

•Loss of blood cells

•Coma

•Blackouts

Some other effects of a depressant drug:

•Relaxation

•Sedation

•Vomiting

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Long Term Effects

•Unintentional injuries like car crashes, falls, burns, drowning

•intentional injuries such as firearm injuries, sexual assault, domestic violence

•Increased on-the-job injuries, loss of productivity

•Increased family problems, broken relationship

•Alcohol poisoning

•High blood pressure, stroke, and other heart-related diseases

•Liver disease

•Nerve damage

•Sexual problems

•Permeant damage to the brain

•Amnesia

•Apathy

•Disorientation

•Ulcers

•Gastritis

•Malnutrition

•Cancer of the mouth and throat from repetitive vomiting

The worst long term effect, however, is:

DEATH

Dangers

Physically

Anemia

Anemia is the unusual low count of oxygen-carrying red blood cells. This could lead to lightheadedness, fatigue, and short breath.

Cirrhosis

Cirrhoses is bad for the liver, because alcohol is toxic to liver cells. If the liver becomes too damaged, it will be unable to function. This physical problem can strike randomly, but it's common for heavy addicts. However this doesn't necessarily mean all addicts get this. Some heavy drinkers never get cirrhosis, and some light drinkers get it too.

Seizures

Heavy drinkers can receive seizures, and can also bring on epilepsy.

Gout

Acid crystals in the joints can cause extreme pain and stiffness. If in toes it will deem one person to be in severe agony to even walk.

•A long term physical effect shakes. Shakes are violent shakes of the body after the body has been deprived from alcohol for too long.

Other physical dangers are:

High-blood pressure

•Infectious disease

•Nerve damage

Pancreatis

Mentally

Dementia

A disease that addicts get which shrinks certain parts of the brain, and this results in memory loss and other symptoms.

•Alcohol takes longer to break down, which leads to sleep influences sleep patterns. This causes the mind not to work to it's full potential, and also lowers energy levels.

•There is a loss of inhibitions and mind set rules that are taken away, which can lead to social problems.

Socially

•Loss of inhibitions can lead to someone making a fool out of themselves while under the spell of alcohol. This could cause dislike in the social community.

•Alcohol can isolate you from the community. Addiction with alcohol means all you want to do is drink, blackout, pass out, wake up, drink, blackout, pass out, wake up, drink, black out, pass out, and so on. This leads to isolation from the community.

•It could also separate you from your family.

Scenario

Alcohol can pose a real threat, to everyone. When drunk, there are many problems that can occur, not just problems with your body.


It can cause car crashes if you're drunk driving, which can lead to minor to severe injury to everyone around you.


It leads yourself vulnerable to rape.


It can cause black outs where you could harm someone.


If you are underage, you can get in trouble with the law.


Cause fires accidentally.


Hitting a pedestrian while drunk driving.


You could be robbed.


Or kidnapped.


And, in extreme cases, murder. Be murdered yourself while in your drunken state, or murder while you are under the spell of alcohol.


Some of these scenarios can lead you to jail. So, an ultimate ending to most of these scenarios:


jail.

In the summer of 2013 there was a car crash in Chatham. A drunk man was speeding away from the police when his tire popped, and he lost control and crashed into a white car pulling out from a restaurant. This crash killed an innocent bystander waiting for a bus, and his foot was severed from impact. The white car that was hit carried two young children whom received internal bruising and blood clots.


Would you want to be the drunk driver? Don't drink and drive.

Facts

Alcohol Percentage In These Drinks



Beer 2–6% alcohol
Cider 4–8% alcohol
Wine 8–20% alcohol
Tequila 40% alcohol
Rum 40% or more alcohol
Brandy 40% or more alcohol
Gin 40–47% alcohol
Whiskey 40–50% alcohol
Vodka 40–50% alcohol
Liqueurs 15–60% alcohol

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US guidelines suggest 1 drink a day for women, and two for men. If they do drink, they should have only 5 drink days out of a week.

But how much is a drink? A drink is one an of beer, one glass of wine, and one shot of liqueur.

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The most favoured alcohol is beer, with liqueur being the least common. In it's own way this is good, because beer's alcoholic potency is the least strong out of all alcohol, while liqueur can be the alcoholic.
When recovering, there are three relapse stages.

Emotional relapse

Mental relapse

Physical relapse

Bibliography

Websites

Drug Free World

"Drug Free World: The Truth About Alcohol." Login to Schoology. Drug Free World, n.d. Web. 14 Sept. 2014. <http://schoology.hkis.edu.hk/course/133264791/materials/link/view/148695094>.

WebMD

Feature, David FreemanWebMD. "Health Risks of Alcohol: 12 Health Problems Associated with Chronic Heavy Drinking" WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 14 Sept. 2014. <http://www.webmd.com/mental-health/addiction/features/12-health-risks-of-chronic-heavy-drinking

Psych Central

Viner, Jesse, MD. "» Alcohol May Not Help: Alcohol’s Impact on Your Mental Health - World of Psychology." Psych Central.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Sept. 2014.

Addictions And Recovery

"Addictions and Recovery : Alcohol." Addictions and Recovery. N.p., 17 Feb. 2014. Web. 14 Sept. 2014. <http://www.addictionsandrecovery.org/alcohol.htm>.

Addictions And Recovery #2

"Addictions and Recovery : Relapse Prevention." Addictions and Recovery. N.p., 17 Feb. 2014. Web. 14 Sept. 2014. <http://www.addictionsandrecovery.org/relapse-prevention.htm>.