Ancient Mesopotmia

By Sharpe, Caleb

Task 1: the geographer

Mesopotamia lies in between two rivers. So it isn't surprising that Mesopotamia means "the land between the rivers." The names of the two rivers (if you want to know) are the Tigris and the Euphrates river. Also nowadays Mesopotamia lies in Iraq close to Baghdad. The climate in Mesopotamia is very warm and tropical. It's very sunny and nice even in winter times it is not very cold. The soil is moist, rich, and has plenty of silt making it perfect for farming. Here is the distance from us to Mesopotamia:


Kinda far huh? Who's ready to jog? And swim? Climb mountains? Cross deserts? Nearly die of starvation? Exhaustion? If you are up for the challenge contact me!!!

Task 2: historian

Some of the civilizations in Mesopotamia are: Sumer, Akkad, Uruk, Ur, Lagash, Nineveh, Assur, Assyria, and Babylon. Some requirements of the civilizations where: urban revolution, political and military structures, social structure based on economic power, the development of complex technology, development of writing, distinct religious structure, new forms of religious and cultural activity. Here are some facts on Hammurabi laws: Hammurabi was an ancient Babylonian king. He did something that no one had ever done before. The Sumerians had created the first written cuneiform. Using this written language, Hammurabi made the first laws. In Hammurabi's court it did not matter if you were we're wealthy or poor. As long as you broke the law, and were found guilty, and you will be punished. Since the laws were clearly written down, everyone was expected to obey them.

These are a few of Hammurabi's laws that have been translated by Yale's law school. These are some very interesting ones to me.

38. A chieftain, man, or one subject to quit-rent can not assign his tenure of field, house, and garden to his wife or daughter, nor can he assign it for a debt.

39. He may, however, assign a field, garden, or house which he has bought, and holds as property, to his wife or daughter or give it for debt.

40. He may sell field, garden, and house to a merchant (royal agents) or to any other public official, the buyer holding field, house, and garden for its usufruct.

41. If any one fence in the field, garden, and house of a chieftain, man, or one subject to quit-rent, furnishing the palings therefor; if the chieftain, man, or one subject to quit-rent return to field, garden, and house, the palings which were given to him become his property.

42. If any one take over a field to till it, and obtain no harvest therefrom, it must be proved that he did no work on the field, and he must deliver grain, just as his neighbor raised, to the owner of the field.

Would any of you like to hear the story of Gilgamesh? I have some knowledge of this subject. Here is one of his story's. Gilgamesh was a king to the mesopotamians. He was half god half human. With his power he could win every game, defeat all armies, have the most power ever, but he still wasn't satisfied. He was bored nothing challenged him. He prayed to the gods to give him excitement and no longer be bored. His request was answered. The gods sent him a challenge that was very difficult. They sent another man half human half god to attack. They wrestled for hours, days, and weeks. They somehow during the time accepted each other and became really good friends. That is one of the few tales of Gilgamesh.

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Task 3: the archeologist

Here are some interesting facts about farming in Mesopotamia. The water from the Tigris and the Euphrates river brought silt to the lands so the soil was very rich for farming. Theyeventually built canals to help with the water flow. As Mesopotamia was declining the grounds began to poison due to when the canal water evaporated leaving the salty minerals behind, also bringing up more salt from the ground, it made the soil extremely more and completely useless for farming. The Mesopotamians ate a variety of things. They ate wheat, barley, dates, and vegetables including cucumbers, onions, apples, and spices. They raised and ate sheep, goats, and cows. They hunted wild game birds and other animals, and enjoyed fish, cheese, eggs, roasted duck, pork, and deer. There are a few likely reasons why mesopotamians lived near the water. One is that the soil must have been very rich, another is that you could obtain fish easy, and one last one is that a lot of wildlife would live near a river to drink just like they would. Before the sons can work on planting them they most flood the fields to make the soil rich. After the field has been flooded the sons must plow the field to break up the soil.After the dirt has been broken up the sons must run a harrow through the field to make the field smooth, clean, and level. Finally after the ground has been ploughed and harrowed the sons must plant the seeds into the ground using the seeder plough. The sons must water your field three times after it has been sown. Finally when the crops are ripe the sons must cut the plants, gather it together, and then take it to the threshing house.

Task 4: the Archeologist

The Hanging Gardens of Babylon were one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World and the only one of the wonders could not even be real. They were purportedly built in the ancient city state of Babylon which is near present-day Al Hillah, in Iraq. The Hanging Gardens was not the only one of the Ancient Wonders of the World in Babylon; the city walls and the obelisk attributed to Queen Semiramis were also featured in Ancient Wonders of the World. Did you know that you can spell out your name in cuneiform? Mine is over there! ⬆ Cuneiform is a writing style using pictographs that was devolved by the Mesopotamians. Here are some of the classes in Mesopotamia: The Priests:

The priests were very important. They were in charge of making sure everybody behaved in a way that would make the gods happy. The Upper Class: Men and women wore jewelry such as rings. Men wore skirts and had long hair, mustaches, and long beards. Women wore dresses that were off one shoulder. They had long hair, which they braided or wore up in fancy arrangements. The Lower Class: The lower class did not have the luxury lifestyle of the rich although they were comfortable. They worked very hard, but they had homes. They wore jewelry but it was not normally made of gold. The Slaves: The slaves were captured when Mesopotamians raided other cities. They brought back prisoners and made them slaves. ZIGGURATS: Ziggurats were temples. Like a lot of the people back then the Sumerians believed that powerful gods lived in the sky. They built humungous structures called ziggurats they had steps climbing up to the top. From the top of the Ziggurat, you could see the protective wall built about the entire town and above the wall to the farmlands beyond. Formal religious ceremonies were held at the very top. All year long though people left offerings of food and wine on the steps of the ziggurats. One of the jobs of the priests was to enjoy these offerings, because as everyone knew, the gods could not eat for themselves. I personally think that the priests got it easy since they get free food. A Ziggurat was built in the center of each town. It was the center of daily life except for festivals which for the most part were normally gloomy things, the Ziggurat courtyard was filled with joyous and busy life.

Task 4: continued

Here are some inventions made by mesopotamians: The Wheel: Up till now, it is still a mystery as to who invented the wheel and when the wheel was invented! According to archeologists, it was probably invented in around 8,000 B.C. in Asia. The oldest wheel known however, was discovered in Mesopotamia and probably dates back to 3,500 B.C.

Checkers: did you know that the game of checkers was invented in Ur? Well it was! Some versions of it now are modified but the original game was invented in Ur. Did you know that the epic of Gilgamesh was the first super hero? He was! It was some very cool stories about him and his friend. They also created cylinder seals! It was shaped like a column but made a whole lot smaller.

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