Jerome Mays


  • ruled by two kings
  • 28 man "council of elders"
  • three classes
  • highest class was made up of military professionals


  • When born infants were determined if they were strong enough to be a citizen of Sparta, is too weak they were left in the countryside to die.
  • At age seven males were taken from their mothers and forced to live in army barracks.
  • age 20 was when males become soldiers for the state
  • males weren't allowed to live with their wives until age 30


  • believed in many gods
  • polytheism
  • no priests
  • religious festivals


  • ate locally grown food
  • meat
  • fish
  • honey
  • milk
  • cheese
  • hunters
  • bread
  • wine


  • began education at age 7
  • military was their education
  • rigorous
  • painful

Important buildings

  • military barracks-training center for men of the military
  • assembly hall-place Council of Elders and Assembly met
  • Artemis Orthia- place where Spartans worshiped the goddess of the hunt, Artemis


  • Battle of Thermopylae- fought against Persian Empire- lasted three days- August 480 B.C.- place of battle: Thermopylae, Greece- Persians defeated the Spartans and took control of Boeotia
  • Battle of Sepeia- 494 B.C.- fought against the Argives- Spartans attacked the Argives while they were feasting- Spartans defeated the Argives and took control of of the Peloponnese area- took place in Sepeia

5 interesting facts

  • major city-state in Ancient Greece
  • around 650 B.C. it became the main military power in Greece
  • located in the region of Laconia
  • enemy of Athens
  • kept its political independence until the Roman conquest of Greece in 146 B.C.
The Peloponnesian War - Song from