- ruled by two kings
- 28 man "council of elders"
- three classes
- highest class was made up of military professionals
- When born infants were determined if they were strong enough to be a citizen of Sparta, is too weak they were left in the countryside to die.
- At age seven males were taken from their mothers and forced to live in army barracks.
- age 20 was when males become soldiers for the state
- males weren't allowed to live with their wives until age 30
- believed in many gods
- no priests
- religious festivals
- ate locally grown food
- began education at age 7
- military was their education
- military barracks-training center for men of the military
- assembly hall-place Council of Elders and Assembly met
- Artemis Orthia- place where Spartans worshiped the goddess of the hunt, Artemis
- Battle of Thermopylae- fought against Persian Empire- lasted three days- August 480 B.C.- place of battle: Thermopylae, Greece- Persians defeated the Spartans and took control of Boeotia
- Battle of Sepeia- 494 B.C.- fought against the Argives- Spartans attacked the Argives while they were feasting- Spartans defeated the Argives and took control of of the Peloponnese area- took place in Sepeia
5 interesting facts
- major city-state in Ancient Greece
- around 650 B.C. it became the main military power in Greece
- located in the region of Laconia
- enemy of Athens
- kept its political independence until the Roman conquest of Greece in 146 B.C.
The Peloponnesian War - Song from History.com