Tajikistan

Sabrina, Naomi, Sara D, Sara L, Anna, Julia, Caleb, Ashley

Come visit "The Land of the Tajiks".

The Tajik people were initially under the rule of the Russians, until Russia’s hold on their country weakened in the Revolution of 1917. One of the smallest countries in central Asia, Tajikistan is also known as the ‘Republic of Tajikistan’, which gained its independence on September 9, 1991. Tajikistan is a landlocked country that forms a part of Central Asia. A mountainous country, it has ninety percent of its area precipitous and rocky. The country stands bordered by Afghanistan in the south, Uzbekistan in the west, Kyrgyzstan in the north, and China in the east. Forming its border with Afghanistan are Amu Darya and Panj rivers, while its mountains are the major source of surfeit for the Aral Sea. Majority of the population in Tajikistan is from the Tajik ethnic group and shares its culture and history with the Persians. In the following lines, we have provided more information on Tajikistan. Read on and explore the country further.


Fun and Interesting Facts about Tajikistan

The official name of Tajikistan is the ‘Republic of Tajikistan’. It's capital is Dushanbe. Tajikistan is amongst the smallest nations in Central Asia, in terms of area, and it is also the poorest country in the former Soviet sphere. Tajikistan's economy, although small right now, is continuing to grow. In 1992, they established diplomatic ties with China, and now, their friendly relationships are helping each other's economies to grow. More than fifty percent of Tajikistan's land is over 3,000 meters (approx. 10,000 ft.) above sea level. For instance, Lake Karakul is located in the Pamir Mountain Range and is 3,915 meters above sea level. However, although this may seem like a lot, more than 90% of Tajikistan's area is mountainous, leaving only about 6% to be land.Tajikistan consists of 4 administrative divisions: provinces of Sughd and Khatlon, the autonomous province of Gorno-Badakhshan (GBAO) and the Region of Republican Subordination. The official language of Tajikistan is Tajik, though Dari, Russian and Uzbek are also spoken there. The majority of the population in Tajikistan comprises of Sunni Muslims, followed by Shiite Muslims and Christians. More than 80% of the Tajik population is Sunni Muslims. 5% are Shi’a Muslims and the remaining 15% comprise of the other religions. The largest ethnic group in Tajikistan is the Tajiks. Their currency is Somoni.
Tajikistan was initially a part of the Samanid Empire, but was created as an Autonomy Soviet Socialist Republic, within Uzbekistan, in 1924. Then in 1929, it was seperated from Uzbekistan and became a Soviet Specialist Republic. In 1991, Tajikistan became an independent nation after the dissolution of USSR. Then, however, Tajikistan suffered from a devastating civil war in the late 20th century, which lasted from 1992 to 1997. Now Tajikistan follows the system of Unitary Presidential Republic.

Ismoili Somoni was a popular ruler of the Tajiks at the beginning of the 10th century. Today, one of the highest mountain points in Tajikistan is named after him. However,the highest point in Tajikistan is 'Ismoli Somoni', which is 7,495 meters. Despite the mountains in Tajikistan, the 'Silk Road' was still able to pass through there.The 'Silk Road', forming a major trade route between China and Europe, passed through the ancient city of Khodjand, which is located in Tajikistan. Khodjand happened to be an important location in the 'Silk Road'. Did you know Russian soldiers are reported to have seen the Abominable Snowman or the ‘Yeti’ in the Pamir Mountain ranges. The legend of the Yeti still exists in Tajikistan today. Hopefully these reports will not scare you away from visiting this magnificent place!