History Spring 2015

Emma Thornock

French Revolution

  • Food prices increasing
  • Bad government decisions
  • Conflict over boarders

  • 1st estate- 1% of population, Roman Catholic clergy, exempt from taxes, owned 10% of land
  • 2nd estate- nobility, few taxes, lived on country estates, 2% of populatin, held key positions
  • 3rd estate- 97% of population, poor and Piedmont taxes

  • Storming the Bastille- mob raided the Bastelle
  • National Assembly- estates delegates
  • Great Fear- word of rebellion & senseless panic
  • Jacobin club- violent speeches
  • Moral- angry

Both hitter and Napolean couldn't take Russia because of the harsh climate and weather.


Issac Newton- laws of motion, Gravity

Francis Bacon- scientific method

Johnnes Kepler- planetary motion

Nicholas Copernicus- copernication theory

James Watt- the steam engine & enterpreneur (person who organizes, manages & takes risks with business

Richard Arkwright- water frame- water used to drive spinning wheels

Eli Whitney- cotton gin

Henry Bessmer- brought "age of steel"

Adam Smith- free economy/ free market: capitalism

Karl Marx- communism

Loke- self government and natural rights

Voltaire- freedom of religion and speech

Toussaint L'Ouverture- an ex-slave that emerged as leader of the Hatian revolution

Simon Bolivar- "George Washington" of South America- wanted to unite the Spanish colonies of South America

Jose de San Martin- fought in spanish forces against Napolean, became liberator of Argentina, chile and Peru, discouraged by political infighting died almost forgotten

Stalin- communist leader of the Solviet Union

Hitler- leader of Nazi Germany

Winston Churchill- Great Britain prime minister

Franklin D. Roosevelt- US president sit up "New Deal" program

Ho Chi Minh- young Vietnamese nationalist who turned to communism

Ghandi- fought for Indian independence peacefully (lead the salt march)

Sad dam Hussein- Iraq leader

Robert Boyle- chemistry

The scientific revolution and the enlightenment are similar because they are based off of scientific discovers and the age of reason.

What did the industrial revolution begin in Great Britain? Because they had good markets for manufactured goods, capital for investing in the means of production, lots of workers, geography, and lots of natural resources.

Impacts of industrial revolution in society.

  • Growth in cities (urbanization)
  • Bad working conditions
  • Class changes (middle class emerges)

"Peace, Bread and Land" - Lenins slogan for the Bolshevik Revolution

"Scramble for Africa"

Europeans wanted Africa for their natural resources.

Decided who should get what at the Berlin conference.

Why did the United States enter the world wars?

WW1- sank american ships, German stopped then started again and sunk 3 more American ships

WWII- Japan bombed a pearl Harbor

Treaty of Versailles

The goal was to make peace between Germany and allies. Germany was blamed for everything and forced to payback the world. Beginning of WWII.
Axis- Germany, Japan, and Italy

Allie- US, France, Britain

Significant Battles

Battle of Britain- battle in the sky

Battle of Midway- turning paint of the war

Battle of Stalingrad- 1st Nazi defeat

Operation Barbarossa- code name of the Nazis invading the Solviet Union