India

facts about india

Fun Facts About India

There are many different languages spoken in India. The main ones are Hindi,Bengali,Telugu,Marathi,Tamil and Urdu.The highest mountain in India is Kanchenjunga standing at a 8,598m (28,209 ft) which it shares with Nepal. Kanchenjunga is the third highest mountain in the world.The national symbol of India is the endangered Bengal Tiger.India has the second largest population in the world, with over 1.2 billion people.Because of India's location, it experiences periods of heavy rain called Monsoon.

Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2,1889 in Porbandar,India.He studied law and came to advocate for the rights of indians independece movement,he organized boycotts against british institousions in peaceful forms of civil disobedience. he was unfortunately killed by a fanatic in 1948.even after his death,Gandhi's commitment to non-violence and his belief in simple living making his own clothes,eating a vegeterian diet.And has been hoping for opressed and marginalized people troughout the world.
Mahatma Gandhi following his civil disovidience campaign (1919-22),he was jailed for conspiracy (1922-24).In 1930,he led a landmark 320km/200mi march to the sea to collect salt in symbolic defiance of the government monopoly.on his release from prison in (1931),he tried to stop the Hindu-Muslim conflict in bengal,a policy which led to his assassination in Delhi by Nathuram Godse,a Hindu fanatic .

What is Diwali

Deepawali or Diwali is certainly the biggest and the brightest celebration of all hindu festivals. It's the festival of lights thats marked by four days of celebration,which literally illumines the country with its brilliance,and dazzles all with its joy.Each of the four days in the festival of Diwali is seperated by a different tradition.But what remains true and constant is the celebration of life and goodness.However the origin of Diwali can be traced back into ancient India,when it was probably an important harvest festival.
Historically there are various legends pointing to the origin of Deepawali or Diwali some believe it to be off the marriage of the Lakshmi with Lord Vishnu. Where as in Bengal the festival is dedicated to worship of Mother Kali the dark goddess of strength. Other legends say Diwali is also associated with the story of the fall of Bali - a demon king who was conquered by Lord Vishnu. Lord Vishnu appeared to the demon king Bali in the form of a dwarf and requested only three steps of land. The evil and egotistic Bali granted the drawf's meager request of only three feet. Suddenly, Lord Vishnu took on His grand size and placed one foot on the Earth, another on the Heavens and His third on the head of the evil Bali.In general, Diwali signifies the triumph of good over evil, of righteousness over treachery, of truth over falsehood, and of light over darkness.

Muhammad Ali Jinnah

Mohammad Ali Jinnah was born on December 25,1876 in Karachi. He received his primary and secondary education at Karachi and Bombay. From 1892 to 1896, Jinnah studied law at Lincoln's Inn, London. After returning to India, he enrolled himself as an advocate at the Bombay High Court.Jinnah's political career began with the Indian National Congress and he was greatly influenced by the moderate leader, Gopal Krishna Gokhale. At this time, he did not regard the interests of Muslims as distinct from those of other Indians. In fact, in 1906, Jinnah signed a memorandum against separate electorates for Muslims. In 1909, Jinnah got elected to the Imperial Legislative Council as the representative of the Muslims of Bombay.

Even after joining the All-India Muslim League in 1913, he did not break his contacts with the Congress.In May 1914, he was sent to London as a member of Congress deputation. In 1915, he worked for the coming together of Congress and Muslim League and the resultant Lucknow Pact, under which the two parties agreed to present joint constitutional demands to the government. Jinnah was elected to the presidentship of the Muslim League in 1916. In 1917, he joined Annie Besant's Home Rule Movement and was elected President of its Bombay branch. In 1919, Jinnah resigned from the Imperial Legislative Council in his protest against the Rowlatt Act. Final­ly, the League under Jinnah succeeded in getting its terms accepted and Pakistan was formed. Jinnah became the first Governor-General of Pakistan. He died at Karachi in September 1948.

Timeline India's history

In 1858 the British overthrow the Moguls and took control of India. In 1915 after fighting for Indian rights in South Africa, Mahatma Gandhi launches a campaign of nonviolent resistance against British rule in India. Gandhi is called Mahatma, meaning "Great Soul.In 1947 India gains independence from the British and is divided into two countries, India and Muslim-controlled Pakistan. In 1948 Mahatma Gandhi is assassinated.
In 1966 Indira Gandhi (not related to Mahatma) becomes Prime Minister and one of the first women elected to lead a nation.In 2000 India's population exceeds 1 billion.In 2004-2005 A series of natural disasters, including floods, earthquakes and tsunamis, brings destruction to southern coastal communities.In 2007 Pratibha Patil becomes the first female President of India.

The importance of the Ganges River to Hindus

Ganges River is sacred to Hindus since they believe it once flowed in the heavens but then was commanded to go down to world. Fearing that her vigorous descent may wash down the earth, the gods sought after the help of Shiva, who captured the river in his locks.