History

Project

What did independence mean for Singapore?

On 9 August 1965, Singapore separated from Malaysia to become an independent nation. The separation was the result of deep political and economic differences between the ruling parties of Singapore and Malaysia, which created communal tensions that resulted in racial riots in July and September 1964. At a press conference announcing the separation, then Singapore Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew was overcome by emotions and broke down. The proclamation declaring Singapore’s independence was announced on Radio Singapore at 10:00 am on 9 August 1965. Singapore with Malaysia had only lasted for less than 23 months.The proclamation declaring Singapore’s independence was announced on Radio Singapore at 10:00 am on 9 August 1965.

What were the reponses/feelings of the people who went through the seperation of Singapore and Malaysia?

Many people had rallied behind the news of the separation with relief although the manner of its announcement came as a shock and was initially greeted with disappointment and regret,as it was slightly less than two years only. However when merger came, the greater share of it was marked by constant differences and bitter political wrangling between leaders of the two nations. Although all signs were pointing to trouble, very few were prepared for the dramatic end to Singapore’s union with Malaysia.

What were the changes of that Singapore went through after independence?

After the separation, the fledgling nation had to become self-sufficient, and faced problems including mass unemployment, housing shortages and lack of land and natural resources such as petroleum. The country's economic infrastructure was developed, racial tension was eliminated and an independent national defence system was created. Singapore evolved from a developing nation to first world status towards the end of the 20th century.After gaining independence abruptly, Singapore sensed the need for immediate international recognition of its sovereignty