Jim Crow Laws

Established between 1874 and 1975

What are Jim Crow Laws?

Jim Crow Laws are what legalized segregation between blacks and whites. But why is it named after Jim Crow? Jim Crow is not a name of anyone, but is a term for being used as a collective racial epithet for blacks.
Big image
Jim Crow was also from the song "Jumping Jim Crow", which appeared in sheet music written by Thomas Dartmouth Rice. Above is a picture of what people viewed them as.
Jump Jim Crow - Blackface Song and Dance

What Jim Crow Laws did

The "separate but equal" standard was established by the Supreme Court in the Plessy v. Ferguson trial in 1893. Things such as water fountains, schools, classrooms, theaters, restaurants, restrooms, buses, streetcars, and even beaches and public places. Not only were the black race segregated, so was different nationalities such as Mexican and Spanish.

Segregation Rebellion

Rebellions for these laws included Rosa Parks, who refused to surrender her bus seat to a white passenger. This later lead to the Montgomery bus boycott in 1955.
Big image

How did they end?

This was followed by the Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka.
State-sponsored education segregation was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court of the U.S. in Brown vs. Board of Education in 1954. For the most part, the remaining Jim Crow laws were countermanded by the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and also the Voting Act of 1965.
Big image