Vietnam War

Nick Sanchez, Chase Sellers

I know/I don't know Definitions

I Know-

Cold War- Time period between 1945-1992 (Post WW2) the battle between Communism and Democratic nations, not a physical war between 1 or 2 nations

DMZ- Demilitarized Zone in Korea, separates N. and S. Korea, sits on the 38th parallel

Containment- the act of keeping something in or out, i.e. the iron curtain and the different alliances during the cold war

Draft- the selection of troops to create larger armies, a kind of lottery to pick soldiers

Viet Cong- Northern Vietnamese political organization

Vietnamization- Equiping the southern vietnamese to fight for themselves; epically failed

Don't Know-

Domino Theory- if one country is taken over by an expansionist, especially Communist, neighbor, party, or the like, the nearby nations will be taken over one after another.

General William Westmoreland- general in the Vietnam war that failed to lead the US military to victory in 1964-1968

Ho Chi Minh- vietnamese leader of North Vietnam during Vietnam war

My Lai Massacre-US killing of 347-504 innocent civilians

National Liberation Front-North Vietnam front made to keep south nam out of the north

Ngo Dinh Diem- first president of south Vietnam

Pentagon Papers- secret papers that held all the things the army did but wasn't reported to the public, or to congress

Tet Offensive- North Vietnam's surprise attack on south Vietnam

Vietnam TImeline

August 1950- President Truman sends military advisors to help out South Vietnam Military

July 21, 1954 — Geneva Conference splits Vietnam at the 17th parallel

1961 — JFK initiates Operation Farm Gate and sends Green Berets to Vietnam

November 2, 1963 — deposed South Vietnamese President Diem is assassinated

June 1964 — William Westmoreland put in control of U.S. military forces

1966 — Operation Van Buren at Phu Yen marks beginning of “search and destroy”

1966-1968 — widespread protest of the Vietnam War

1968 — Tet offensive touches off widespread protests in the United States

1968 — Phoenix Program prioritizes capture and interrogation of Vietcong

November 1969 — news of My Lai massacre breaks

1971-1973 — U.S. troop withdrawal from Vietnam
1973 — U.S. military draft terminated

April 21, 1975 — South Vietnamese President Thieu resigns
April 29-30, 1975 — Helicopter evacuations from the U.S. embassy in Saigon
July 2, 1976 — North and South Vietnam unified under communist rule

Pathways to War, the Gulf of Tonkin Incident

The Tonkin Resolution stated that the US Navy in the Gulf of Tonkin was attacked by the North Vietnamese planes. The resolution stated that “Congress approves and supports the determination of the President, as Commander in Chief, to take all necessary measures to repeal any armed attack against the forces of the United States and to prevent any further aggression.” ( Only 2 senators opposed the congresses resolution to war. After that the United States declared war on Northern Vietnam. Later the resolution was used to justify the United States in Vietnam, and repealed in 1971 after the US troop withdraw.

In Their Own Words... Veterans on Vietnam

Claud Dunn-

In 1964 Claud Dunn was stationed in Germany for 5 years. Later after joining the 82nd airborne division he was sent to Vietnam in 1968. His squad searched for land mines most of the time until they were ambushed. He lost friends and allies, later while driving his jeep due to bad and muddy conditions his jeep was overturned and pinned him down.

Clyde East-

Served in World War 2, The Korean War, and Vietnam. Member of the United States Air Force, and was never a prisoner of war. Clyde wasn't drafted, he enlisted himself for each war.

Protest Music

Heros or Villains at My Lai?

Hugh Thompson was a helicopter pilot during the My Lai massacre. During the massacre, thompson landed his helicopter between american troops and vietnamese civilians, protecting them from the american soldiers. Thompson saved many lives at My Lai and is worthy of being called a hero.

William Calley was the leading officer during the My Lai massacre and was the only man convicted of the crime. William Calley is worthy of being called a villain for his crimes.