The Americas

Comparing and contrasting

Aztecs
  • Native Aztlan
  • Tenochtitlan
  • four main classes:
  1. nobles
  2. commoners
  3. serfs
  4. slaves
  • floating gardens- maize, squash, and beans
  • expanded empire(5-6 million people)
  • chinampas
  • fierce conquests and shrewd alliances
  • Mexico to Gulf Of Mexico to Pacific Ocean
  • hieroglyphics
  • council of nobles, priests, and military leaders elect the emperor
Mayans
  • They burned down trees to plant more crops
  • raised fields to lift crops from flood waters
  • abandon (return if it was fertile again)
  • society was divided:
  1. nobles
  2. military leaders
  3. merchants
  4. farmers
  5. painters
  6. sculptors
  7. scribes
  • Most supreme power: Tikal and Calakmul
Inca
  • Cuzco
  • Terraces
  • Ruler Sapa Inca- gold symbol
  • roads
  • marriages- arranged
  • government allotted part of the each harvest
  • harvest: gold, copper, tin, and alloy
  • ayllu assign jobs to families to work on land
  • networks
  • religion the people they conquered

Similar

  • human sacrifices
  • corn
  • different classed of people
  • polytheistic
  • monumental architecture
  • calendar
  • Central Mexico