Trypanosomiasis

by Chanse Benner

Introduction

Have you ever heard of Trypanosomiasis? If you have, you have probably heard of Chagas Disease and Sleeping Sickness. If you haven't, this poster will give you lots of information about Trypanosomiasis (Sleeping Sickness), and how deadly it is.

Location

As deadly this disease is, it is only found in Africa, specifically Central Africa and Central-Western Africa. But the disease is found in only 36 sub-Saharan countries.

Cause

This very deadly disease is only caused by two very tiny parasites. These two parasites are called the Trypanosoma Brucei Gambienese parasite, and the Trypanosoma Brucei Rhodesiense parasite.

How do you get the disease

There are currently two known ways to get this disease. The first one, which is the most common one, is to be bitten by a Tsetse Fly, that almost always has the parasite in it. The other one, which is less common, is to be born when your mother was infected with the disease at the time. The reason for this is because the disease is in your mother's blood, and while you are still in her uterus, her blood enters your body through the umbilical cord.

Symptoms

Once you get the disease, there are a handful of symptoms, which are bad and horrible. This disease attacks your central nervous system, causing you to lost control of your body. Other symptoms is that you get headaches, joint pain, and weakness. As the disease progresses, you get cardiovascular problems, anemia, and kidney disorders. When the disease is almost done with you, you might get extreme exhaustion and fatigue around the day, you will get extreme exhaustion and comas, while you get insomnia at night. When the disease finished its work, you will die.
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Cases

Their were roughly 70,000 cases of Trypanosomiasis every year before 2012, while their is roughly 60 million people in sub-Saharan Africa at risk. Their were 9878 recorded cases of this disease in 2009, 7216 cases in 2012, and 40,000 cases in 1998.

Deaths

No one knows exactly how many lives Trypanosomiasis took, but a similar disease named Chagas disease, roughly claims 21,000 deaths a year.

Cures and Prevention

This disease has two stages. In the first stage, you use Pentamidine or Suramin, depending on what parasite is in you. The cures for the second stage include Melarsoprol or Elfornithine, depending on what parasite you have. Other cures include Diminazene, Homidium, Isometadium, and melarsomine. But sadly, their are no kown drug preventions for this disease.

About the Parasite

While Trypanosomiasis is in action, the parasite can morph in three forms called: Trypomastigote, epimastigote, and amastigote.

Climate and Trypanosomiasis

Now back to where the disease has two parts. In the first stage, the parasite is in your peripheral circulation, while in the second stage, it invades and infects your central nervous system. But luckily the parasites that cause this disease can not survive in extremely hot temperature.

Other Diseases

Other diseases that are similar to Trypanosomiasis are Chagas Disease and Leishmaniasis.

Bibliography

Works Cited

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Kruel, Donald. Trypanosomiasis. New York NY: Chelsea House, 2007. Print.

"Parasites- African Trypanosomiasis." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 29 Aug. 2012. Web. 4 Dec. 2014.

Pentam bottle. Digital image. Mosby's Nursing Consult. ELESEVIER. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.

Sleeping Sickness in Africa Spreads under Climate Change. Bristol, England: European Commision DG ENV, 22 Mar. 2012. PDF.

Suramin Bottle. Digital image. SterlingMedicalAdvice.com. SterlingMedicalAdvice.com. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.

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