The Cold War & Great Depression

By Autumn Couch

The Cold War

  • 1945, The soviet army marches into Berlin.
  • German capital city falls and World War 1 ends.
  • 1946, British prime minister Winston Churchill "Iron Curtaint" speech marks beginning of the Cold War.
  • 1947, President Harry Truman requests funds to support Greek and Turkish efforts to fight communism.
  • 1948, Berlin airlifts supplies west Berlin with basic necessities after the Soviet union blocks off city in effort to force the west to give up.
  • Growth in weapons of mass destruction was the most worrying issue.
  • Note that USSR in 1945 was Russia past 1917 and included all various countries that now exist.
  • 1949, Soviet tested a Atomic bomb of their own
  • In June 1950 the first military action of the Cold War began
  • president Kennedy face a number of troubling situations in his own hemisphere.
  • in 1989, every other communist state in religion replaced its government with a non communist one.
  • In November the Berlin wall ( the most visible symbol of the decades long cold war) was finally destroyed.
  • The first H- Bomb was tested.
  • Russia secretly had maps of the Canadian Arctic during the cold war that other ships even now use them over official maps.
  • Americans used bears to test their ejector seats in supersonic jets.

The Great depression

  • In 1920's the World War 1 federal spending grows three times more than the tax collections.
  • The war economy invested heavily in the manufacturing sector.
  • An average of 600 banks failed per year.
  • Labor decreases throughout the decade.
  • By 1929, The richest 1% will own 40% of the nations wealth.
  • Between 1922, The conservative supreme court strikes down child labor legislation.
  • 1923, President Warren Harding died in hid office.
  • Calvin Coolidge becomes president later after Warren Harding dies.
  • 1924, Stock market begins its spectacular rise.
  • 1931, No major legislation is passed addressing the depression.
  • 1932, Industrial stocks have lost 80% of their value.
  • Over 13 million Americans have lost their jobs since 1929
  • Top tax rate is raised from 25 to 63%
  • 1983, Roosevelt inaugurated begins "First 100 Days" intensive legislative.
  • 1936, Tax rate raised to 79%
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Why I chose these for topics

I chose the Great Depression because I didn't know a whole lot about The Great Depression and I thought that it was an important topic to know about.

I chose Cold War because I found it very interesting and wanted to know more about the time periods and it also talked about the Atomic Bomb a little. These both impact on society because the world should know about the past and learn from our mistakes to improve society.