Monsoon Asia Current Events
By: Erin Demers and Maddie Carlock
Population Growth in India
India’s population was rapidly growing over the past decades, but now it seems to have slowed. In 2013, the number of children expected to be born per woman was two, but however, in 1991, is was three. In some parts of India the woman would average three children and others would average 1. Even though their fertility rate is under the Replacement Rate of 2.3, some Indian states are populating more than others. It seems like he woman in villages have a fertility rate of 2.5, while the woman that are urban residents have a rate of 1.8.
Why is that?The woman living in villages are less modernized and more “old schooled” meaning that the more children, the more help around the house. The work and responsibilities the woman have in the villages is more laborious and timely than the woman in the urban residential parts of India. In conclusion, the woman in the urban parts might have jobs and might be getting an education, so their time to have a lot of children is limited.
Garbage in the Ganges
The people of India use the Ganges River for many reasons, including bathing, fishing, providing drinking water, irrigating fields, and a very significant religious place for the Hindu population. Almost 144 drains discharge water into to the river, which, as you can imagine, has caused many problems. Fecal coli form contamination, chemical pollution from chromium, lead, and chlorinated compounds are just some of the many things that have transformed this river into a very dangerous, highly toxic place. This has caused the spread of a bacteria resistant to antibiotics, as well as many other health issues. Today, and in the coming years, the government is working to completely clean out the Ganges River by 2020 with eight different missions.
Outsourcing: The Pros and Cons
Outsourcing has caused major unease for Americans’ jobs. Another problem with outsourcing, besides a lot of Americans losing jobs, is the frequent miscommunication that occurs. This happens often because the countries that the companies choses to move to usually don’t speak English fluently or at all. Making it a more difficult and sometimes longer process for the customer. Another problem with outsourcing is the delays in projects that occurs. When you are working with people on the other side of the world, it takes a while to fully understand the communication and, of course, the communication lag that occurs when talking someone across the world. However, Outsourcing has positive effects as well. When a company outsources to a lower income country, the country’s economy increases because jobs are becoming available. The company can also get away with paying the workers less because the economy is low, they don’t need a high paycheck. Another effect that occurs is that the workers working in the new companies location, sometimes get Holidays off that the customers get off, because there would be no business. For example, workers in India get Christmas off because their customers are American and wouldn’t be working on Christmas. Outsourcing is meant to be beneficial to a company's status, however there are still bumps in the process.
Piracy in the Straight of Malacca
The Straight of Malacca, shared by Malaysia, Singapore, and Indonesia, is a long but narrow straight frequently attacked by pirates. Because of the introduction of technology to the fishing industry, fishermen in Malaysia have reduced the volume of catches by over fishing for the past several years. This caused many Malaysians to plummet into poverty, leading them into the Indonesian territories to illegally fish. Some even turned to actual piracy, launching attacks on passing ship and stealing. Because of this, the Joint War Committee added the straight to it's list of danger zones, causing travelers to take extra precautions and travel this straight less. Piracy numbers have dropped significantly, but it is still a problem today.
Asian Brown Cloud
An issue that is accuring in Monsoon Asia is the “Asian Brown Cloud”. This is due to human activities forcing aerosols into the atmosphere. The name comes from the brown blanket-like pollution that sits over the Indian Subcontinent. This “Brown Cloud” is known to be 10 Million square miles and 3 Kilometers deep, haze of man-made pollutants. This pollution is blocking 15% of sunlight on Asia. Scientists are concerned that it will soon reach the Stratosphere and then the pollution will spread around the world.