US History

Chapter 7-8 Roaring 20s & Chapter 9-10 Depressing 30s

Scopes Trial

The Scopes Trial formally known as The State of Tennessee v. John Thomas Scopes and commonly referred to as the Scopes Monkey Trial, was an American legal case in 1925 in which a substitute high school teacher, John Scopes was accused of violating Tennessee's Butler Act, which made it unlawful to teach human

Sacco & Vanzetti

Two anarchists Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti, who were convicted of a robbery and two murders in Massachusetts in the early 1920s and sentenced to death

Volstead Act

The Volstead Act is defined as the act by Congress that enforced prohibition from 1919 to 1933.

National Orgins Act

A law that severely restricted immigration by establishing a system of national quotas that blatantly discriminated against immigrants from southern and eastern Europe and virtually excluded Asians

21st Amendment

It repealed the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which had mandated nationwide Prohibition on alcohol on January 17, 1920.

19th Amendment

The 19th amendment guarantees all American women the right to vote.

18th Amendment

This amendment prohibited the manufacture, sale, or transportation of alcoholic beverages for consumption

Eleanor Roosvelt

Eleanor Roosevelt was an American politician, diplomat, and activist. She was the longest-serving First Lady of the United States, holding the post from March 1933 to April 1945 during her husband's four year term.

Franklin D Roosvelt

Franklin Delano Roosevelt, commonly known by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States

Langston Hughes

Langston Hughes was an American poet, social activist, novelist, playwright, and columnist from Joplin, Missouri. He was one of the earliest innovators of the then-new literary art form called jazz poetry

Zora Neale Hurston

Zora Neale Hurston was an American folklorist, anthropologist, and author. Of Hurston's four novels and more than 50 published short stories, plays, and essays, she is best known for her 1937 novel Their Eyes Were Watching God

Marcus Garvey

Marcus Garvey was a Jamaican political leader, publisher, journalist, entrepreneur, and orator who was a staunch proponent of the Black Nationalism and Pan-Africanism movements

Herbert Hoover

Herbert Clark Hoover was the 31st President of the United States, a professional mining engineer, a Quaker and a Republican; Hoover served as head of the U.S. Food Administration during World War I, and became internationally known for humanitarian relief efforts in war-time Belgium

Calvin Coolidge

John Calvin Coolidge Jr. was the 30th President of the United States, a Republican lawyer from Vermont; Coolidge worked his way up the ladder of Massachusetts state politics, eventually becoming governor of that state

Warren Harding

Warren Gamaliel Harding was the 29th President of the United States, serving from March 4, 1921 until his death and died one of the most popular presidents in history, the subsequent exposure of scandals that took place under him, such as Teapot Dome, eroded his popular regard,

Al Capone

He was an American gangster who attained fame during the Prohibition era as the co-founder and he was notorious for his domination of organized crime in Chicago in the 1920s

TVA, AAA, CCC, FDIC, SEC, SSA, WPA

These were known as the alphabet agencies and were the U.S. Federal Government agencies that were created as part of the New Deal of President Franklin D. Roosevelt

New Deal

A group of government programs and policies established under President Franklin D. Roosevelt in the 1930s; the New Deal was designed to improve conditions for persons suffering in the Great Depression.

One Hundred Days

A special session of Congress from March 9, 1933 to June 16, 1933, called by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, in which important social legislation was enacted

Fireside Chats

One of a series of radio broadcasts made by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt to the nation, beginning in 1933

Bank Holiday

A day on which banks are officially closed, observed as a public holiday

Bonus Army

The Bonus Army was the popular name of an assemblage of some 43,000 marchers—17,000 World War I veterans, their families, and affiliated groups.

Okies

A less formal way of saying "okay."

Dust Bowl

An area of land where vegetation has been lost and soil reduced to dust and eroded, especially as a consequence of drought or unsuitable farming practice.

Hawley Smoot Tariff

The Tariff Act of 1930 otherwise known as the Hawley–Smoot Tariff, was an act sponsored by Senator Reed Smoot and Representative Willis C. Hawley and signed into law on June 17, 1930, that raised U.S. tariffs on over 20,000 imported goods to record levels.

Jazz

A type of music of black American origin characterized by improvisation, syncopation, and usually a regular or forceful rhythm, emerging at the beginning of the 20th century.

ACLU

The American Civil Liberties Union is a nonpartisan, non-profit organization whose stated mission is "to defend and preserve the individual rights and liberties guaranteed to every person in this country.

NAACP

The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People is an African-American civil rights organization in the United States.

Back to Africa Movement

It encouraged those of African descent to return to the African homelands of their ancestors.

Harlem Renaissances

The name given to the cultural, social, and artistic explosion that took place in Harlem, New York. During the time, it was known as the "New Negro Movement," named after the 1925 anthology by Alain Locke.

Model T

It was an automobile built by mass produced by Henry Ford as practical, affordable transportation for the common man, it quickly became prized for its low cost, durability, versatility, and ease of maintenance.

Art Deco

Art Deco is an elegant style of decorative art, design and architecture, it is characterized by the use of angular, symmetrical geometric forms.

Stock Market Crash

A sudden dramatic decline of stock prices across a significant cross-section of a stock market, resulting in a significant loss of paper wealth and crashes are driven by panic as much as by underlying economic factors.

Federal Reserve

The central bank of the United States, it regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system.

Flappers

A nickname given to young women in the 1920s who defied convention by refusing to use corsets, cutting their hair short, and wearing short skirts, as well as by behavior such as drinking and smoking in public.

Speakeasy

A saloon or nightclub selling alcoholic beverages illegally, especially during Prohibition.

Prohibition

The act of prohibiting the manufacturing, storage in barrels, bottles, transportation and sale of alcohol including alcoholic beverages.

Fundamentalism

A form of a religion, especially Islam or Protestant Christianity, that upholds belief in the strict, literal interpretation of scripture.

Ku Klux Klan

A secret organization in the southern U.S., active for several years after the Civil War, which aimed to suppress the newly acquired powers of blacks and to oppose carpetbaggers from the North, and which was responsible for many lawless and violent proceedings

Nativism

The policy of protecting the interests of native-born or established inhabitants against those of immigrants.

Palmer Raids

The Palmer Raids were a series of raids by the United States Department of Justice intended to capture, arrest and deport radical leftists, especially anarchists, from the United States.

Red Scare

Red Scare is the promotion of fear of a potential rise of communism or radical leftism, used by anti-leftist proponent, the First Red Scare was about worker (socialist) revolution and political radicalism.