Old Stone Age v. New Stone Age

By Kelsey Fosstveit and Ileana LaGrutta

The Old Stone Age

The Old Stone Age, also called the Paleolithic Era, took place from about 12,000 to 70,000 years ago. It lasted about 58,000 years. Man during the Paleolithic Era were referred to as Cro-Magnon Man or more commonly known as the cave man. The way Cro-Magnon Man survived was by hunting animals such as buffalo, deer, mammoth, and boar. They also gathered numerous roots, berries, leaves, and seeds that could be of use to them. Cro-Magnon Man used tools such as stone, wood, and bone. They also skinned and butchered animals in order to use them as food, clothing, and in order to build their homes. During the Paleolithic Era, man discovered fire. Fire was an essential resource that enabled people to survive. The people of the Paleolithic Era were nomads. This means that they had no settled home. They lived in small groups and population never heightened because of the living conditions. The nomads lived in tents made of out of bones or wood. These tents were easy to decompose when it was time for the groups to pack up to follow their food source.

The New Stone Age

The New Stone Age, also known as the Neolithic Era, took place from about 6,000 to 12,000 years ago. It lasted for about 6,000 years. Man survived by eating grains and small animals. During the New Stone Age, man raised crops and animals. In turn, they no longer needed to travel to far places in order to gather food. During this time, man also learned how to domesticate plants or animals, or training something to be useful to humans. By raising crops and animals and domesticating them, man no longer needed to live a nomadic lifestyle and could now settle down in one place. By domesticating animals, people now had a reliable source for food and clothing. Lastly, people of the Neolithic Era discovered new tools such as copper and bronze while still using stone, bone, and wooden tools.